Attacks by armed groups in northern Mozambique, where huge gas reserves are being developed, have killed at least 39 people and displaced more than 1,000 since May, Human Rights Watch said.
Violence first broke out in Mozambique’s northern province of Cabo Delgado in October last year, with local residents reporting gangs armed with machetes attacking police stations, torching villages and executing religious leaders.
The United States embassy last week advised its citizens to leave the province after attacks increased in a region where Anadarko Petroleum is developing a $15 billion liquefied natural gas project.
Britain also advised against travelling to the area.
The group implicated is known locally as Al-Sunna wa Jama’a and Al-Shabaab, although there are no known links to the Somali group of the same name or any other Islamist movement.
Residents told Human Rights Watch attackers burnt a mosque and beheaded an Islamic leader in a June 5 attack where hundreds of homes and dozens of cattle were burnt.
“Armed groups should immediately cease attacking villages and executing people,” Dewa Mavhinga, Southern Africa director at Human Rights Watch, said in a report.
“Mozambican authorities should assist those displaced and establish conditions that will allow them to return home voluntarily, in safety and with dignity.”
Mozambique has not been a focal point of Islamist militant activity in the past and police are reluctant to ascribe the attacks to Islamists. About 30% of Mozambique’s 30 million people are Roman Catholics; about 18% are Muslim.