South Sudan spells out unresolved UN protection force issues


South Sudan still needs to agree the number and nationality of United Nations peacekeepers for a protection force, a government minister said on Tuesday, a day after President Salva Kiir approved the deployment in a bid to avoid a UN arms embargo.

Kiir publicly consented to the protection force, authorised by the UN Security Council last month, after meeting with council envoys, led by US Ambassador Samantha Power, on Sunday in Juba. However, a joint statement after the meeting noted details of the troop deployment still need to be worked out.

Government spokesperson Michael Makuei said on Monday the country also needed to “agree on the armament, we need to agree on the deployment, we need to agree on the time frame.”

In the wake of deadly violence in Juba in mid-July between Kiir’s troops and soldiers loyal to opposition leader Riek Machar, the Security Council authorised a 4,000-strong regional protection force as part of the 12,000-strong UN peacekeeping mission already on the ground, known as UNMISS.

The council has mandated the force until December 15.
“If we don’t accept it, if we don’t agree with that, nobody will enter South Sudan. Anybody who enters without our consent is ‘an invader’,” Makuei told reporters.

The council threatened to consider an arms embargo if UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon reported in mid-September that Kiir’s government was not co-operating on the protection force and was still obstructing peacekeepers already on the ground.
“We’re going to want to see a significant acceleration in operational discussions about the deployment of the force,” Power told Reuters, warning the South Sudanese government not to go back to “first principles or challenging consent.”
“There are conflicting signals because there are some who, if they had a choice, would expel UNMISS tomorrow,” Power said. “So the real question is: is there going to be united and consistent follow-through on the direction the president gave last night by making that commitment?”

East African regional bloc IGAD pushed for a protection force and has pledged to provide troops. South Sudan Minister of Cabinet Affairs Martin Elia Lomoro said on Sunday government had no objection to who contributes soldiers.

However, some Security Council diplomats said South Sudan had concerns about some neighbouring countries, like Ethiopia, sending troops.
“We have heard some names of the countries which can substitute regional neighbouring countries – Zambia, Zimbabwe were mentioned,” said Deputy Russian UN Ambassador Petr Iliichev, after council envoys met with the African Union Peace and Security Council in Addis Ababa on Monday.

South Sudan gained independence from Sudan in 2011 but slid into civil war in 2013 after Kiir sacked Machar as his vice president. The pair signed a peace deal a year ago but fighting has continued and Machar has now fled to neighbouring Sudan.