Libyan forces loyal to eastern-based commander Khalifa Haftar said they took control of the strategic coastal city Sirte in a rapid advance preceded by air strikes.
Holding Sirte would be an important gain for Haftar, who since April has been waging a military offensive on Tripoli, home to Libya’s internationally recognised Government of National Accord (GNA).
Sirte is in the centre of Libya’s Mediterranean coast, and was controlled by GNA-aligned forces since they ejected Islamic State from the city with the help of US air strikes in 2016.
Haftar’s self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) said it took areas surrounding Sirte, including al-Qardabiya air base, before moving to the city centre.
“The commander-in-chief decided on a well-planned, pre-emptive strike and within less than three hours we were in the heart of Sirte,” said LNA spokesman Ahmed al-Mismari.
“It was a sudden, swift operation,” he said, adding the advance was preceded by several hours of air strikes.
An LNA military source said forces from Misrata, to the northwest, retreated. Misrata led the campaign against Islamic State and is a key source of military power for the GNA.
Earlier, a resident in Sirte city centre told Reuters by phone: “We can see convoys of LNA inside Sirte city … they control large parts of the city now. We also hear gunfire.”
There was no immediate comment from GNA forces.
The LNA advance comes as Turkey prepares to send military advisors and experts to Libya to help shore up the GNA, part of rising international involvement in Libya’s conflict.
Haftar’s LNA has received material and military support from countries including the United Arab Emirates, Jordan and Egypt, according to UN experts and diplomats.
Since launching the campaign for Benghazi, Libya’s second city, in 2014, Haftar gradually expanded territorial control across the vast, mainly desert country.
Gains have sometimes been made through deals with local groups sympathetic to the LNA and involved limited military effort, though the offensive to capture Tripoli, home to around half of Libya’s population of six million, stalled.
Sirte is the birthplace of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and where he was captured and killed after a NATO-backed uprising in 2011. Among the cities opposing the uprising, it was taken over by Islamic State in early 2015, becoming the jihadist group’s most important base outside the Middle East.
It is also a main base of the Ferjan tribe, of which Haftar is a member.
The city is just west of Libya’s oil crescent, a strip of coastline along which key oil export terminals are located. Haftar’s forces seized the oil ports in 2016.
LNA sources said Sirte’s 604 Brigade, a powerful military unit dominated by ultra-conservative Salafists that also took part in the fight against Islamic State, switched allegiance to the LNA about two weeks ago.
Haftar is seeking to rid Tripoli of armed groups and combat extremism. His opponents say he fuelled war and instability and fear he will return Libya to one-man rule.
In recent weeks there has been an escalation of fighting, shelling and air strikes around Tripoli. On Saturday a military academy in the capital was hit, killing at least 30 people.
UN Libya envoy Ghassan Salame said the drone strike on the academy was likely carried out by a foreign country backing the LNA, without elaborating. He called on foreign powers to “keep out of Libya”.