World Bank and Tanzania to co-operate on education project


The World Bank will work with Tanzania to redesign a $300 million education project, a senior official said, days after the lender cancelled plans for the project due to the country’s controversial policies on pregnant school girls.

The World Bank told Reuters it had not presented the education programme to its board for financing approval last month in part due to Tanzanian President John Magufuli’s stance on pregnant girls in schools.

Tanzania banned pregnant girls from attending state primary and secondary schools since 1961. Magufuli affirmed his commitment to this policy last year, saying school girls who become pregnant must be expelled and not allowed to return.

World Bank Vice President for Africa Hafez Ghanem told reporters on Sunday the lender agreed with authorities to find ways for pregnant girls who are forced to leave school to still access education.

Ghanem said, following a meeting between the World Bank, Magufuli and other officials in Tanzania, the local government committed to finding ways for girls to return to school.
“That is what has changed,” he said, when asked why the World Bank reversed its decision to withdraw the project for board consideration.

He said the project would still be subject to board approval before the funds could be disbursed.

Leonard Akwilapo, Tanzania Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Education, told Reuters he could not comment on the World Bank’s latest comments until he received an official statement.

He said Tanzania’s policy was to ensure all school dropouts, including pregnant school girls, continued their education through different options such as the adult education system.

On Friday, the Tanzanian government said the World Bank agreed to provide the $300 million loan to implement the project. The project includes construction of class rooms, hostels, laboratories, staff houses and teaching facilities.

Tanzanian female teenagers are on average three times more likely than their peers globally to get pregnant, according to government data, a statistic researchers attribute largely to low access to contraception. In a September speech, Magufuli told Tanzanian women to not use birth control because the country needs more people and described women who limited the number of children they have as “lazy”.

The World Bank’s decision to re-engage government on the education project comes amid increasing criticism from foreign donors over the Magufuli government’s restrictions on the media, political parties and threats against LGBTI people.

Denmark was the first foreign donor to freeze funding to Tanzania over concerns about policies threatening gay people and women.

The European Union last week launched a comprehensive review of its policies toward the East African nation over concerns about rights abuses.

Magufuli — a populist leader nicknamed “the bulldozer” — railed against foreign investors and promised to end corruption.

Ghanem said government told him they are open to discussing how a new statistics law will be implemented. The lender last month criticised the legislation, which will punish anyone who questions official statistics, saying the law will undermine the production of useful, high-quality data.
“We agreed we will work together to avoid having in place a system that stops us and others from having access to credible, neutral and transparent data,” he said. “If we don’t get reliable and credible statistics, we will be unable to do our job … we made this clear to government.”