The International Criminal Court (ICC) fined Congolese politician Jean-Pierre Bemba 300,000 euros ($350,730) and sentenced him to 12 months for witness tampering, but his jail term was reduced to zero due to time already served.
Bemba was acquitted of war crimes on appeal in June but had already been convicted on the lesser charge of witness tampering.
Bemba is barred from standing in December’s presidential election in Democratic Republic of Congo, where he would have been a frontrunner challenging the ruling coalition because of the conviction.
“Future accused persons can look at Mr Bemba’s conviction as a cautionary example as to what consequences obstructing the administration of justice can have,” Judge Bertram Schmitt said.
“Mr. Bemba’s acquittal in the main case should have been the end of his exposure to the court, yet he continues to have the spectre of this institution hanging over him.”
A senior figure in Bemba’s Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) party, told Reuters the MLC was analysing the implications of the decision.
“But what is positive in this ruling is the MLC president, senator Jean Pierre Bemba moves from the status of provisionally freed to become 100% free in terms of movement, action and expression,” the party’s deputy secretary-general Fidele Babala said.
Bemba’s surprise acquittal on war crimes charges in June raised the prospect he could return to Congo and re-enter politics. A final decision on whether the witness tampering conviction makes him ineligible to stand is expected.
Bemba headed the MLC and its affiliated militia. After he lost an election to Laurent Kabila in 2006 he was sent to The Hague to stand trial for atrocities committed by his troops in neighbouring Central African Republic in 2002 and 2003.
His initial conviction was reversed on appeal in June, with judges saying prosecutors failed to show he had sufficient control over troops to bear responsibility for their wrongdoing and could not be convicted beyond reasonable doubt.
Bemba, who has family in both Belgium and Congo, did not attend Monday’s ruling.