Scaling up of international assistance to the Lake Chad Basin this year has averted a famine in north-east Nigeria, even though millions of people are still suffering the United Nations aid chief said.
Having visited Niger and Nigeria earlier in September, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Mark Lowcock, said at UN Headquarters in New York: “There are still millions of people who have suffered a lot and continue to suffer, many of them just a step away from starvation.”
During field visits to Ngagam in Diffa – “the poorest region in the poorest country in the world” – and to Maiduguri, Pulka, and Gwoza in Borno state in Nigeria, he met “extremely vulnerable people” displaced by conflict.
“Those people want to go home they want a chance to rebuild their lives. But they want to do that when it’s safe to do so,” Lowcock said.
About 1.8 million people in Niger are food-insecure. Some 800,000 children are affected by acute malnutrition and almost 250,000 people are either internally displaced persons, returnees or refugees from Nigeria.
In north-east Nigeria, around 6.5 million people need lifesaving assistance. Nearly 5.2 million are severely food insecure and 450,000 children will suffer from severe acute malnutrition this year.
The crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, which covers Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria and Chad, is complex as countries grapple with insecurity, climate shocks and extreme poverty all the legacy of inadequate governance across vast parts of the region.
“The way forward is also clear,” he said, highlighting the need to sustain effective humanitarian response and ensure see better protection for people.
“Access has improved in many towns, but there’s been a recent upsurge in attacks on civilians in all four countries. In Niger, hostage taking has increased, while in Nigeria children have been used as ‘human bombs,'” he said.
On other parts of Africa, Lowcock said “so far in Somalia, famine has been averted” while in South Sudan, there was “a famine declaration in a couple of counties in Unity state affecting about 50,000 people earlier in the year, but that situation was brought under control pretty quickly”.