Violence and displacement in Ebola-hit DRC threatens humanitarian response


Increasing violence in Ebola-affected areas of north-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) threatens the safety of tens of thousands of people there according to the UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR.

People in Beni – where more than 20 people were killed in a single day – have been left “angry” and in shock, said agency spokesperson, Babar Baloch, briefing journalists in Geneva, adding “they feel they’ve been abandoned”

The World Health Organisation (WHO) confirmed staff resumed critical Ebola contact-tracing work in Beni after a two-day suspension of activities due to the deadly attack at the weekend.

According to WHO, 101 people have died in the latest Ebola outbreak – DRC’s tenth in the last 40 years – and there have been 154 reported cases – 123 confirmed and 31 probable cases.

Baloch said there has been a sharp rise in attacks and displacement in recent months in the Beni area of North Kivu province and further north in Ituri province.
“It is estimated more than a million people are displaced in North Kivu,” he said. “An estimated half a million have been forced from their homes this year alone.”

Some 13,000 people fled their homes in August around Beni, the UNHCR spokesperson added, underlining the significance of the attack on the city, where residents have been effectively under siege for two months by armed militia.
“While these groups have previously been active around Beni, it is the first time fighting reached the city itself. Security is what they want. And security from all risks as well,” he said.

In a separate attack on Oicha near Beni, Baloch said an armed group believed to be Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), shot dead a 47-year-old man, abducted at least nine children, then looted and burned houses.

In addition to WHO essential work in north-eastern DRC, other UN agencies and partners continue awareness-raising campaigns among local communities.

UNICEF, the UN Children’s Fund, has more than 50 staff in the Ebola-affected areas including Beni, Mangina and Butembo.

It deployed specialists in community communications, education and psycho-social assistance, in addition to water, sanitation and hygiene experts to help contain the disease and avoid further spread.

Spokesperson Christophe Boulierac said it would be “a big mistake” to underestimate the risks associated with the violence.
“I spoke to my colleagues on the ground. We go deep into villages,” he said, indicating security was now a major concern: “What has changed is, we were cautious, but we are as my colleague says, increasingly cautious, and assess each activity, each movement.”