The Russian Foreign Ministry said in an official statement that “as a result of intensive diplomatic efforts undertaken over the past few weeks by the leadership of the State of Qatar, the presidents of Djibouti and Eritrea signed an agreement on June 7 aimed at resolving their border dispute,” APA learned.
The Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, also signed the document as a mediator and witness.
The parties have authorized Qatar to mediate between them in a peaceful settlement of the Eritrean-Djiboutian territorial dispute in the Ras Doumeira area and be a guarantor of its implementation. With this aim in mind, a joint tripartite commission is being set up which will enlist independent experts to demarcate the boundary based on the principles of international law, and carry out the exchange of war prisoners and a number of other activities, according to the ministry’s statement.
To further the deal, Eritrean troops have been withdrawn from the confrontation line, and a team of Qatari military observers has been sent into the disputed area.
The UN Secretary General and the President of the Security Council have been informed about the conclusion of the agreement.
The territorial dispute between Eritrea and Djibouti over the Ras Doumeira area on the Red Sea coast led to armed clashes of the parties in 1996, 1999 and 2008.
“The Russian Federation welcomes the peace initiative of the State of Qatar and its mediation efforts which were instrumental in beginning the negotiation process and defusing tension in relations between Eritrea and Djibouti,” the statement said.
It further said that “removing the territorial dispute between them that has stood in the way of restoring an atmosphere of good neighbourliness will undoubtedly contribute to strengthening peace and stability throughout the Horn of Africa and provide a good example for resolving other long-running disputes and crisis situations in the region.”