The United Nations is investigating new allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse as well as other misconduct by peacekeepers in the Central African Republic (CAR), this time by forces under the world body’s flag, the top UN official there said, as further steps are put in place to combat the scourge.
“The blue beret or the blue helmet you wear represents hope for the vulnerable population of the CAR,” Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s Special Representative Parfait Onanga-Anyanga said, laying out new measures to help identify perpetrators and deter new cases, as well as renewing his commitment to protect whistle-blowers.
The allegations are the latest to have been made against UN peacekeeping missions in recent years.
Onanga-Anyanga met in Bangui with the military and police components of the UN Multi-dimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in CAR (MINUSCA), which he heads, stressing there will be no complacency for perpetrators or accomplices of such crimes which tarnish the UN flag, the peacekeepers’ identity and their country’s honour.
The meeting follows Ban’s pledge last month to urgently review recommendations of an independent panel which found the UN did not act with the “speed, care or sensitivity required,” when it uncovered information about crimes committed against children by soldiers who were not under UN command.
In the spring of 2014, allegations came to light that international troops serving as peacekeepers had sexually abused a number of young children in exchange for food or money. The alleged perpetrators were largely from a French military force known as Sangaris, operating under authorisation of the Security Council but not under UN command.
Reaffirming his commitment to Ban’s policy of zero tolerance, Onanga-Anyanga stressed all international personnel and units will be held accountable to the highest standards of behaviour and conduct. “There is no place in UN peacekeeping for those who betray the trust of the people we are here to help,” he said.
He announced on-going discussions with the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) to carry out joint actions as part of the reinforcement of MINUSCA’s ability to combat sexual exploitation and abuse.
Other measures include the establishment of a Police-Force joint brigade to identify sexual exploitation and abuse perpetrators and deter the occurrence of new cases. He underlined the need to conduct patrols in internally displaced persons (IDP) camps in close collaboration with internal CAR security forces.
The Mission continues to investigate all allegations of misconduct and a fact finding mission is currently underway.
The National Authorities have been informed in Bangui and the Troop Contributing Countries in question have been informed officially in New York. Onanga-Anyanga called on them to conduct their own national investigations immediately and the UN Office of Internal Oversight Services will also be involved as appropriate.
“The entire UN family is collaborating in addressing sexual exploitation and abuse in the broader context of upholding highest standards of conduct and discipline within the organisation,” MINUSCA said in a statement.
“Over the past week, UNICEF staff (UN Children’s Fund) from the Bangui office have undertaken four visits to meet with four alleged minors victims. UNICEF is working with a local partner to help the girls receive medical care and is assessing their psycho-social needs. The girls were also provided with clothes, shoes and hygiene kits,” it added.
The nearly 11,000-strong MINUSCA, set up in 2014 after fighting between the mainly Muslim Séléka and mainly Christian anti-Balaka groups erupted in early 2013, killing thousands of people and driving hundreds of thousands more from their homes, played a major role in providing security last month for the first round of presidential and legislative elections.