Congolese police fired shots and tear gas on Tuesday to ward off protesters after Catholic bishops pulled out of their mediation role in talks meant to pave the way for President Joseph Kabila to step down.
Sporadic unrest broke out in Democratic Republic of Congo’s capital Kinshasa when the bishops announced they would no longer host talks between Kabila’s allies and the opposition, after voicing frustration at their unwillingness to seek compromise.
The implementation of a political transition pact mediated by the bishops and signed on December 31 stalled, raising the spectre of renewed violence in a country that has suffered a series of ruinous wars and rebellions.
DR Congo has never experienced a peaceful handover of power and millions have died, mostly from hunger and disease, in conflicts in east Congo since the late 1990s, when rebels ousted President Mobutu Sese Seko after three decades in power.
“We think there’s no longer anything to do,” Donatien Nshole, secretary general of CENCO, the bishops’ organisation, told Reuters. “We have given all our time and all our energy.”
CENCO helped negotiate the December deal aimed at averting a political crisis by ensuring an election this year to elect Kabila’s successor.
Reacting to CENCO’s decision, the opposition vowed to hold a nationwide protest on April 10.
“I call on the Congolese people to mobilise themselves for a big peaceful march throughout the republic and the diaspora (abroad),” the UDPS, the main party in the opposition coalition, said in a statement. “I call on our millions of supporters…to resist the dictatorship taking root in our…country.”
In a statement read on state-run television, Kabila’s office said talks would continue and “the current impasse must in no way signify a definitive rupture of the dialogue”.
Kabila has ruled Congo since his father Laurent’s assassination in 2001 and his critics accuse him of deliberately delaying elections to remain in power.
His supporters deny the charge, but Kabila’s refusal to step down at the end of his mandate last December was followed by a wave of popular protests, killings and lawlessness.
A militia uprising in central Congo’s Kasai Central province in August has killed more than 400 people, according to the United Nations and has worsened this year. Militiamen in Kasai beheaded about 40 police officers after an ambush on Friday, local officials said.
On Tuesday, government said villagers in Kasai-Central province found the bodies of two United Nations investigators and their Congolese interpreter who went missing this month in the area where fighting has flared.
Michael Sharp, a US citizen, and Zaida Catalan, a Swedish national, were part of a group of experts monitoring a sanctions regime imposed on Congo by the UN Security Council when they disappeared. Congo’s government blamed unidentified “negative forces” for their disappearance.
On Tuesday a few demonstrators burned tyres at Kinshasa city intersections. Many shops remained closed and some schools called parents to collect children, a Reuters witness said.
Congo’s elections have been repeatedly delayed, ostensibly because of budgetary problems, igniting public anger. Security forces killed at least 40 people in protests during the week Kabila’s mandate ran out, but CENCO-mediated talks saw an agreement reached.
In January the bishops warned the deal was at risk of unravelling if politicians did not act quickly to reach compromises and carry it out.