Burundi and Uganda both have about 2 500 peacekeepers in the Somali capital for the African Union’s (AU) Amisom force.
The United States accuses the rebel group, which wants to topple Ahmed’s fragile UN-backed administration and impose its own strict verison of Islamic law across the country, of being al-Qaeda’s proxy in the failed Horn of Africa state.
Amisom spokesperson in Mogadishu, Major Barigye Ba-hoku, denied today that the AU soldiers had fired any artillery and blamed Thursday’s civilian deaths on rebel bombs.
“We did not shell any place. We are investigating and the Somali government is investigating too,” Ba-hoku told Reuters.
“Al-Shabaab wants to drag us into their war they shell us and then they also shell Bakara, then they tell people there it was Amisom who killed civilians. We know their tactics.”
Civilian deaths ‘disastrous’
Fighting in Somalia has killed 19 000 civilians since the start of 2007 and driven another 1.5-million from their homes, triggering one of the world’s worst humanitarian emergencies.
Western security agencies say the drought-ravaged nation has become a safe haven for militants, including foreign jihadists, who use it to plot attacks across the region and beyond.
Thursday’s clashes were some of the heaviest to rock Mogadishu for weeks, and they underlined the difficulties facing the 5 000-strong AU mission.
While winning some hearts and minds by giving residents access to clean water and free medical treatment, Amisom has been unable to do much more than secure the city’s airport, sea port, presidential palace and a few roads in between.
Its soldiers come under near-daily attacks from roadside bombs and rebel artillery, and last month al-Shabaab hit their main headquarters with a twin suicide car bombing that killed 17 peacekeepers, including the Burundian deputy force commander.
“We do not take their threats lightly,” Ba-hoku said. “Any attempt to attack Burundi or Uganda will be met with decisive action and will be defeated … If we get enough troops here, we can move into other regions and bring peace to all of Somalia.”
Several African nations had committed to send troops to reinforce Amisom but have so far failed to do so, some saying in private that they are put off by the incessant violence.
Despite that, Mogadishu-based political analyst Abdikarim Omar said Amisom was still better organised and armed than the rebels, and it should begin a drive to clear them from the city.
“They should launch a major offensive. This endless shelling of commercial and residential neighbourhoods, the killing dozens of innocent people, is more disastrous than a two- or three-week operation.” he told Reuters.
Pic: Al Shabaab rebels