Rail, bus and air traffic stopped in Tunisia as the powerful UGTT union staged a one-day nationwide strike to protest government’s refusal to raise salaries of 670,000 public servants.
Thousands gathered in front of UGTT headquarters in central Tunis chanting: “The people want the overthrow of the government”. The same slogan was used in 2011 when mass protests toppled strongman Ben Ali and kicked off “Arab Spring” uprisings across the region.
Tunisia is the only Arab country that has undergone a transition to democracy in the wake of those protests, avoiding civil war as in Syria or a return to autocratic rule like Egypt.
An economic crisis eroded living standards in the North African country and unemployment is high as political turmoil and lack of reforms deter investment needed to create jobs. That forced government to launch austerity measures to please donors and lenders including the International Monetary Fund.
The one-day strike hit airports, ports, schools, hospitals, state media and government offices. At Tunis Carthage airport, most flights were cancelled and check-in counters closed, leaving hundreds of passengers stranded.
“The power belongs to the people” protesters chanted at a central UGTT rally near the scene of 2011 mass protests, also calling for salary increases. Police showed a strong presence but did not interfere.
Tunisia is under pressure from the IMF to freeze public sector wages to reduce its budget deficit.
The public sector wage bill doubled to about 16 billion dinars ($5.5 billion) in 2018 from 7.6 billion in 2010.
The UGTT says the monthly average wage of about $250 is one of the lowest in the world, while the state Institute of Strategic Studies says real purchasing power has fallen by 40% since 2014.
Sami Tahri, Deputy Secretary-General of the UGTT, said government opted for confrontation with public servants to meet IMF demands.
Government spokesman Iyad Dahmani said the state did not have the funds to pay public employees more “” any increase would lift annual inflation to 10% from the current 7.4 percent.
Government and union sources told Reuters government proposed spending about $400 million on pay increases while UGTT asked for about $850 million. Government aims to cut the public sector wage bill to 12.5% of gross domestic product in 2020 from the current 15.5%, one of the world’s highest levels according to the IMF. Tunisia struck a $2.8 billion loan deal with the IMF in December 2016. The programme aims to overhaul its ailing economy with steps to cut chronic deficits and trim bloated public services, but progress has been slow.