Libya’s combatants declare key coast road open


Libya’s warring sides reopened the main coast road across the frontline on Friday, a key element of a ceasefire they agreed last year that has involved months of negotiations.

The UN-backed 5+5 committee drawn from commander Khalifa Haftar’s eastern-based Libyan National Army (LNA) and western-based forces that have supported Tripoli-based governments said in a statement the road was open from 09:00 GMT.

The road, which stretches along the length of Libya’s coastline, the most populated part of the country, was cut between the cities of Misrata and Sirte, where the frontline stabilised last summer.

It was not open to military traffic, the committee said, and the agreement also included some preparatory steps for the withdrawal of foreign fighters, another part of last year’s ceasefire that has still to be implemented.

The slow progress in opening the road has reflected other stumbles in the U.N.-backed effort to resolve Libya’s long conflict with a ceasefire, a unity government, proposed elections, and moves to unify economic institutions.

However, despite the setbacks and scepticism among many Libyans over the outcome of efforts to resolve the conflict, the road opening should make an immediate difference to people who previously had to fly or make long, hard overland journeys.

“Opening the road will end suffering of the residents of Sirte in terms of economics, and the goods will arrive quickly,” said Adel Mahfoud, a 48 years old businessman by phone.

The Government of National Unity (GNU), picked through a UN-aided process early this year and then ratified by the divided, eastern-based parliament, took office in March.

However, since that point there has been little agreement on key steps forwards including on a constitutional basis for the elections scheduled in December and for the GNU’s budget.

Critics of parliament speaker Aguila Saleh, allied with Haftar during his 2019-20 assault on Tripoli, regard the delays as evidence that eastern-based forces are attempting to sabotage the process.

Saleh and his allies in eastern Libya meanwhile accused the GNU of becoming “a Tripoli government” and blamed it for the failure to unify institutions.

Last week Saleh warned that a failure to hold elections meant another rival administration could be set up in the east.