Cabo Delgado insurgency rebounds, foiling drawdown plans


Renewed violence unleashed by the Islamic State-Mozambique group (ISM) between 8 February and 3 March forced nearly 100 000 people to flee their homes, according to the UN.

The new wave of attacks threatens to undermine months of counterterrorism gains made by Mozambique’s armed forces and their regional partners, the Southern African Development Community Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM).

ISM fighters have terrorized Cabo Delgado since 2017, killing nearly 5 000 and displacing almost 1 million people.

Through its propaganda channels, ISM claimed responsibility for 27 attacks in February that killed 70 and destroyed 500 churches, houses and public buildings in the Chiure district.

Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi promised to respond with “forceful measures.”

“The situation had calmed down a lot and the populations were returning,” he told reporters on 3 March. “All the villages that were occupied by terrorists were recovered. But now, in recent weeks, there is a tendency for small groups to start carrying out attacks in some villages and descend to the southern districts of Cabo Delgado.”

Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa, who met with Nyusi on the sidelines of the African Union summit in February, indicated that the Southern African Development Community (SADC) is rethinking its plans for a complete withdrawal.

“The situation has not really calmed down,” he said, according to Zimbabwean newspaper The Herald. “But that mandate is coming to an end, so we are discussing how we can deal with the situation.”

The SADC will consider keeping a presence in the coastal town of Pemba as a base for offensive operations while withdrawing from other districts in Cabo Delgado, according to Portugal-based website Africa Monitor.

Created in July 2021, SAMIM is composed of troops from Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho, Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia. New SAMIM commander South African Major General Patrick Dube is overseeing a phased drawdown that was scheduled to conclude in July.

After visiting in February with Rwandan troops stationed in Cabo Delgado, Nyusi travelled to Algeria in early March to gather further counterterrorism support.

Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune pledged to send basic personal equipment for members of Cabo Delgado’s local militias who are fighting ISM alongside security forces.

“This is going to happen,” Nyusi told reporters.

UNHCR Commissioner Filippo Grandi visited and also pledged to support Cabo Delgado.

“The most important thing is still how to help the government find solutions for the displaced people, either by helping them to return to their homes or transferring them to other places or keeping them where they are,” he told reporters after meeting with Nyusi in Maputo, Mozambique, on 4 March.

Written by Africa Defense Forum and republished with permission. The original article can be found here.