Detained African migrants in limbo in conflict-ridden Yemen


Anxious and hungry, hundreds of African migrants lie cramped together on the ground of an open-air warehouse in the southern Yemeni port city Aden.

Most are from desperately poor Horn of Africa countries and like tens of thousands each year, were willing to risk the treacherous journey through war-torn and impoverished Yemen in the hope of finding work in Saudi Arabia or other wealthy Gulf Arab states.

Their plan was not to be. Caught and detained by Yemeni authorities, the 600 or so men now await deportation, prevented from leaving their makeshift jail by armed soldiers.

Conditions at the warehouse are increasingly desperate. Several days ago, the authorities stopped handing out food and basic supplies.
“I came from Djibouti to work. They used to give us small amounts of food. If there is no food, we will die,” said a migrant who declined to give his name.
“If there is no solution, they will deport us or get us out of here”, the man added.

Yemen, the poorest country on the Arabian Peninsula, has long been a transit point for migrants and refugees from East Africa, many fleeing hunger and violence.

The route was unsafe long before Yemen descended into all-out war in 2015. Hundreds drown each year on the perilous sea journey and those who make it face multiple risks, including death by “assault, extortion and abuse by criminal networks, as well as hazards from the war in Yemen”, according to UNHCR, the United Nations’ refugee agency.

Despite these dangers, the number of migrants travelling across the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea to Yemen rises steadily, to 117,000 in 2016 from 92,000 in 2015, according to UNHCR.

Khaled al-Elwany, a local official who until recently oversaw deportation of migrants back to their home countries, says up to 15,000 migrants are arrested at city checkpoints each month.

Elwany was fired by the interior ministry for refusing to co-operate with a plan to relocate the centre to a neighbouring province after authorities stopped food supplies.

A ministry official told Reuters the aim of the move to a new facility was to improve conditions for migrants awaiting deportation.

Saudi Arabia and a coalition of mostly Gulf Arab allies are fighting to restore Yemen’s exiled government to power and roll back the Iran-aligned Houthi movement.

While government nominally controls Aden and southern areas, a budget crunch and rivalries with local armed groups mean its officials mostly reside abroad.

State services and salaries have been hit hard by the chaos and the African migrants appear to be a lower priority.

The frightened men in the Aden warehouse, subsisting on bread bought with meagre savings and washing their clothes in a rubbish-strewn outdoor space, are just the tip of the iceberg.