Algeria and Morocco should to take action to assure safe passage to 41 Syrian refugees stranded along the border between both countries for weeks, the United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR) said.
The refugees, including babies and a pregnant woman in need of medical care, have been stuck since April 17, with Morocco and Algeria trading blame in what resulted in a diplomatic row last month.
The North African neighbours often exchange diplomatic barbs over their 1,500 km land frontier from the Mediterranean Sea to the Sahara Desert. It has been shut since 1994 because of disputes over security.
Last month, Morocco said the Syrians attempted to enter Morocco through the town of Figuig, in an area surrounded by mountains, between April 17 and 19. It accused Algeria of forcing them to cross into Morocco.
Algeria rejected the accusations, saying Moroccan officials tried to dispatch a group of Syrians over the border from Morocco into Algeria.
“There is a sense of urgency in this matter and we call on both governments to take instant and constructive steps to uphold international humanitarian imperatives and evacuate this vulnerable group,” the UNHCR said in a statement.
According to Human Rights Watch, the refugees arrived at the border after traveling through Libya and Sudan. The UNHCR said they are in dire circumstances, including exposure to snakes and scorpions in the remote area.
Last week, videos emerged on social media showing locals demanding the Moroccan government allow the Syrian refugees in ahead of the holy month of Ramadan, which began last weekend.
Some 5,000 Syrians have gone through a migration regulatory process in Morocco, with several hundred receiving refugee status, according to Morocco’s ministry of foreign affairs.
Morocco and Algeria have a contentious relationship since independence from France. Border disputes triggered an armed conflict in the 1960s known as the “Sand War”.
One of the biggest disputes has been over Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony, most of which Morocco claimed in 1975. Algeria supports and hosts the Western Saharan independence movement Polisario, a stance that angers Morocco.