Tunisian Armed Forces


Tunisian Armed Forces

1. Order of battle
2. Overview
3. Defence economics
4. State of military forces
5. Country threat report
6. Major external deployments

1. Order of Battle

Total force strength Army: 27 000
Air Force: 4 000
Navy: 4 800
National Guard: 7 000
Gendarmerie: 2 000
Armour 30: M60A1
54: M60A3
48: SK-105 Kuerassier
Reconnaissance 20: AML-90
10: AML-60
20: Saladin
18: EE-9 Cascavel
APC 120: M113A1/A2
18: EE-11 Urutu
110: Fiat 6614
Towed artillery 45: M101A1/A2 105 mm
12: M114A1 155 mm
55: M198 155 mm
Self-propelled artillery 10: M108 105 mm
18: M109 155 mm
Mortar 95: 81 mm
48: 107 mm
18: 120 mm
Anti-armour 35: M901 ITV TOW
500: Milan
180: TOW
Recoilless rifle 300: LRAC
300: M20
Air defence gun 100: M-55 20 mm
5: Type-55 (M-1939)/Type-65 37 mm
Air defence missile 60: RBS-70
26: M48 Chaparral
Armoured Recovery Vehicle 3: Greif
6: M88A1
Structure 1: Special Forces brigade
1: (Sahara) Special Forces brigade
1: Reconnaissance regiment
3: Mechanised brigade (1 armed regiment, 2 mechanised infantry regiment, 1 artillery regiment, 1
1: Engineer regiment,
1 signals regiment,
1: Engineer regiment
4: Para-commando battalions
Air Force
Combat aircraft 10: F-5E Tiger II
2: F-5F Tiger II
3: MB-326K
Trainer aircraft 9: L-59 Albatros*
4: MB-326B
3: MB-326L
12: SF-260WT
6: SF-260C
Transport aircraft 6: C-130B Hercules
1: C-130H Hercules
2: C-130J Hercules
5: G-222
3: L-410Turbolet
2: S-208A
1: King Air
Multi- role helicopter 1: AS365 Dauphin 2
6: SA313
3: SA316 Alouette III
11: HH-3 Sea King
Transport helicopter 6: AS350B Ecureuil
15: Bell 205 (AB-205)
10: Bell 205 (UH-1H Iroquois)
2: Bell 212 (UH-1N Iroquois
1: Puma
12: UH-60M (on order)
Patrol/Strike boat 3: La Galite missile fast attack craft (French Combattante III)
3: Bizerte (FRA P-48)
6: Albatros (ex-German Type-143B)
3: Utique (mod Chinese Haizhui II);
4: Istiklal class patrol craft (Esterel 32 m type)
6: V Series
2: Tazarka class attack craft
1: 14 m patrol boat
6: P270TN
2: 13.5 metre patrol boats (US donation)
12: 7.6 metre patrol boats (US donation)
Amphibious/Transport/Supply 2: Tabarka (ex-US White Sumac)
1: Sisi Bou Said
1: Hannibal
1: Khaireddine (ex-US Wilkes)
Coast Guard 5: Ras El Blais class patrol craft (converted ex-German Kondor I minesweepers)
5: Sbeitla class inshore patrol craft (ex-German Bremse class)
10: launches and boats
6: P350TN
4: Carabinieri Classe 700

2. Overview
Head of State and Government: Moncef Marzouki
Prime Minister: Habib Essid
Defence Minister: Farhat Hacheni
Chief of Staff: Brigadier General Ismail Fathalli
Chief of Staff of the Air Force: General Taïeb Lajimi
Member of: UN, AU, LAS, AfDB, G15, Arab League, IAEA, Seabeds Committee etc
3. Defence economics
Military expenditure (ME) as percentage of GDP (2004-2013)

Military expenditure per US$ Mil (2000-2013)

Military expenditure (ME) percentage growth (2000-2013)

4. State of military forces

Tunisia’s military is under-equipped and faces severe challenges due to equipment that is outdated and in some cases obsolete. As such the country relies heavily on donations of surplus military equipment, specifically from the USA, France and Italy. In recent news during 2014 the USA announced it would provide $60 million worth of equipment to the country in the fight against Islamist militants, this includes night vision technology, helmets, shields along with naval patrol boats.

Despite the equipment limitations the Tunisian military has proven effective in managing domestic terrorism in the country. Islamic fundamentalism is a threat in Tunisia and armed groups have targeted military outposts and transport convoys.

The army has played a vital role in securing the country’s borders, particularly with its bigger neighbour Libya where there is ongoing conflict. The Tunisian navy has also actively patrolled the Mediterranean conducting search and rescue operations and dealing with the flow of illegal migrants.
5. Country threat report

Threat type Overview
External • Tunisia is currently facing no external security threat.
Internal • Tunisia is currently facing internal security threats presented by the rise of Islamic extremism in the country which has lead to the emergence of radical militant groups.
Regional • Tunisia faces terrorist threats as a result of the instability present in Libya to the East.
Political • Tunisia is considered to be politically stable since having elections in November 2014. This comes after it was the country in which the 2011 Arab spring begun.
Economic • Tunisia is in the process of liberalising its economy which is resulting in consistent economic growth. Major industrial sectors are textiles, clothing and the mechanical and electrical industries.

6. Major external deployments

Operation Country Personnel/assets
MUNUSCO Democratic Republic of Congo Troops: 29
Police: 12
MINUSTAH Haiti Police: 10
MINUSMA Mali Police: 1
UNAMID Darfur Police: 31
UNOCI Ivory Coast  Police: 19
Troop: 10


Ministry of National Defence

Boulevard Bab M’Nara
1030 Tunis


Tel +21671560244
[email protected]