Madagascar People’s Armed Forces


Madagascar People’s Armed Forces

1. Order of battle
2. Overview
3. Defence economics
4. State of military forces
5. Country threat report

1. Order of Battle

Total force strength Army: 13 800
Air Force: 700
Navy: 350
Paramilitary: 12 000 (including maritime police, Presidential Security Regiment)
Armour 12: PT-76
Armoured fighting vehicle 3: AMF
Reconnaissance 35: BRDM-2
10: Ferret
20: M-3A1
8: M-8
Towed artillery 5: M-101 105 mm
12: D-30 122 mm
Mortar 8: M37 82 mm
8: M43 120 mm
Recoilless rifle ?: M-40A1 106 mm
Rocket launcher ?: RPG-7 Knout 73 mm
Air defence gun 26: ZPU-4 14.5 mm
20: Type-55 37 mm
Structure 2 intervention forces regiments
1 field artillery regiment
1 anti-aircraft artillery regiment
1 support regiment
9 military regiments
3 engineer regiments
1 public disaster protection regiment
Air Force
Transport/utility aircraft 1: An-26
1: BN-2 Islander
2: C212 Aviocar
1: Cessna 172
1: Cessna 310
2: Cessna 337 Skymaster
1: PA-23 Aztec
5: Joker 300
1: Rallye
VIP aircraft 4: Yak-40 Codling
Transport helicopter 4: SA 318C Alouette II
5: Mi-8 Hip
Patrol/Strike boat (Gun/Missile/OPV/IPV) 6 small coastal patrol craft
44 MLBs (ex-USCG
1: Chamois class
Amphibious/Transport/Supply 1: Former French Edic landing craft
1: coastal tug

2. Overview
Head of State: President of the HAT (High Transitional Authority) Andry Nirina Rajoelina
Defence Minister: Lieutenant General Rasolofonirina Beni Xavier
Prime Minister: Omer Beriziky
Chief of General Staff: Brigadier General Andre Ndriarijaona
Minister of the Armed Forces: General (ret) Andre Lucien Rakotoarimasy

Commander-in-Chief of the Army: General Jean-Andre Ndriarijaona
Commander-in-Chief of the Gendarmerie: General Richard Ravalomanana
Member of: UN, AU, IAEA, Seabeds Committee, SADC, COMESA
Conscription: 24 months
3. Defence economics
Defence budget percentage per GDP (2000-2010)

Defence budget per US$ Mil (2000-2011)

Defence budget percentage growth (2000-2011)

4. State of military forces

Madagascar’s military played a major part in the 2009 political crisis, as it supported present leader Andry Rajoelina in ousting then President Marc Ravalomanana. In March 2009 Ravalomanana handed over power to the military, which then conferred the presidency on opposition leader Rajoelina, who subsequently pledged to hold presidential elections. Madagascar’s military has agreed to remain neutral during the upcoming presidential elections, but these have been consistently delayed.

Madagascar’s armed forces are not considered to be accountable, disciplined or independent as the army and gendarmerie have been used as pawns in political power struggles. Regular forces are ill-equipped and underpaid with too many high-ranking officers.

Madagascar received substantial military assistance from a number of foreign countries, but since the end of the Cold War this has declined and much of the country’s air force has fallen into disrepair as a result, with its MiG-21s being put in storage. Considering it is an island nation, Madagascar’s navy is inadequate to protect its maritime domain and the country’s armed forces as a whole are considered inadequately equipped to defend the territory from external threats.
5. Country threat report

Threat type Overview
External • Maritime piracy in the Indian Ocean remains a threat to Madagascar’s maritime domain. Drug smuggling and trafficking are further problems.
Internal • Madagascar is currently facing no internal security threat.
Regional • Insecurity on Africa’s eastern coast may affect Madagascar’s foreign security policies.
Political • In March 2009, the democratically elected government of Madagascar resigned in actions that was widely described as a coup d’état. Presidential and parliamentary elections are scheduled for mid-late 2013, but the political situation is still unstable as the transitional government pursues legitimacy via a political road map established by international mediators.
Economic • Agriculture provides employment to nearly 70 percent of Madagascar’s economy and accounts for nearly 24 percent of the country’s GDP.
• The political crisis has brought major economic hardship to Madagascar.


Ministry of National Defence

PO Box 08 Amphahibe
101 Antananarivo


Tel +261 20 2222211

Fax +261 20 2235420