Gabon military


Gabon military


1. Order of battle
2. Overview
3. Defence economics
4. State of military forces
5. Country threat report
6. External deployments

1. Order of Battle

Total force strength Army: 3 100
Army Light Aviation: 250
Air Force: 600
Navy: 500
Paramilitary: 2 000
Reconnaissance 24: AML-60/90
10: EE-3 Jararaca
14: EE-9 Cascavel
6: ERC-90F4 Sagaie
8: M-11 VBL
AIFV 12: EE-11 Urutu
APC 8: LAV-150 Commando
6: Type-92 (reported)
10: VXB-170
24: Matador
3: WZ-523/Type-05P
3: ZFB-05
Towed artillery 4: M-101 105 mm
Multiple Rocket Launcher 8: Teruel 140 mm
16: Type 63 107 mm
4: Type 90 122 mm
Mortar 35: 81 mm
4: Brandt 120 mm
Anti-armour 4: Milan
Recoilless rifle M-40A1 106 mm
LRAC 89 mm
Air defence gun 4: ERC-20
24: ZU-23-2 23 mm
10: M-1939 37 mm
3: L-70 40 mm
Air defence missile Mistral
Structure 1 Presidential Guard
8 infantry companies
1 paratroop/commando company
1 engineer company
Army Light Aviation  
Helicopters 3: SA 330 Puma
2: SA 350 Ecureuil
5: SA 342 Gazelle
2: AB 412
3: Alouette III
2: EC-135/EC-635
1: Bell 412 Twin Huey
Air Force
Combat aircraft 7: Mirage 5 E/G/DG
6: Mirage F1AZ (Ex South African)
Trainer aircraft 4: CM-170 Magister
3: T-34 Turbo Mentor
Maritime/EW/RECCE aircraft 1: EMB-111
Transport aircraft 2: C-130 Hercules
1: CN235
1: Reims-Cessna F-152
2: YS-11A
VIP aircraft (Presidential Guard Air Wing) 1: Falcon 900
1: EMB-110 Bandeirante
1: AS 332 Super Puma
1: Gulfstream III
1: ATR 42F
Patrol/Strike boat (Gun/Missile/OPV/IPV) 2: P-400 Class (OPV)
1: Patra Class (Missile)
1: Esterel type fast attack craft (missile)
6: Rodman
Amphibious/Transport/Supply 1: Batral Class

2. Overview

Head of State and Supreme Commander of Armed Forces: president Ali Bongo Ondimba
Minister of National Defence: Ernest Mpouho Epigat
Chief of General Staff: General Jean Claude Ella-ekogha
Chief of Staff of the Army: Colonel Paul Ophera

Chief of Staff of the Navy: Rear Admiral Herve Nambo Ndouany

Chief of Staff of the Air Force: General Augustin Dende

Commander of the Gendarmerie: General Abel Sougou
Commander of the Republican Guard: General Gregoire Nkouna
Member of: UN, AU, OPEC, ICAO, IAEA, AfDB
3. Defence economics

Defence budget percentage per GDP (2000-2010)

Defence budget per US$ Mil (2000-2011)

Defence budget percentage growth (2000-2011)

4. State of military forces

Gabon has traditionally been a stable, relatively wealthy country and this is reflected in its armed forces. Although Gabon’s military is fairly small, it is a professional and well organized force. As Gabon faces few external threats, it is orientated towards the defence of the country.

The President is in charge of the armed forces as well as the Republican Guard. The Gendarmerie is also under the President’s authority.

France has a permanent military presence in Gabon with nearly 1 000 troops and an air detachment. This has helped maintain internal stability.
5. Country threat report

Threat type Overview
External • Gabon is currently facing no external military threat.
• Tensions persist between Gabon and Equatorial Guinea concerning ownership of three small islands in oil rich waters.
Internal • Gabon is currently facing no internal security threat and France maintains a military base in the country and a battalion sized contingent of troops.
Regional • Stability in Congo Brazzaville and Equatorial Guinea may affect Gabon’s foreign security policy making.
Political • Gabon is considered to be politically stable.
Economic • Gabon economy is highly dependent on oil exports and this has made the country’s economy highly vulnerable to fluctuations in international oil prices.

6. External deployments

Operation Country Personnel/assets
Peace keeping Central African Republic (CAR) 120


Ministry of National Defence

BP 13493



Tel +241762595

Armed Forces HQ

PO Box 2126



Tel +242764243