SANDF projects: past, present & future

18504
Known South African National Defence force (SANDF) projects, past, present and future, presented alphabetically per Service/Division. The information below was compiled from Department of Defence Annual Reports and from written answers to questions asked in Parliament.  
 
This may correspond in some respects to Strategic Capital Acquisition Master Plan (SCAMP), the 30-year rolling SANDF acquisition programme schedule. “SCAMP is a strategic management tool which the DoD employs to assess and organise its capital acquisition requirements… SCAMP assists in prioritising … needs.” 
SA Army
Number
Project Name
Description
Equipment
Project Phase
Numbers & Value
Remarks
1
Abund
Optimisation of personal equipment of SA soldier
Camouflage Uniform
Project completed.
2
Acrobat
Infantry indirect firing system
60mm Mortar
In production. PAP[1] April 27, 2006. OT&E Sep 2007. Partial acquisition. Commissioning set for 2009.
Denel
3
Adrift
Upgrade of ZT2 anti-armour missile to ZT3 Ingwe baseline standard for SA armoured Corps
ZT3A2 (Ingwe baseline)
PAP March 2005.
Partial acquisition only. Production phase.
Foreseen commissioning 2008.
Denel
4
Albany
Upgrade of the 4-axle semi-trailers to a 5-axle semi-trailer configuration
Trailers
Production. Commissioned from March 2006
Partial acquisition only.
.
5
Ambition 1A
Acquisition of rapid deployment reconnaissance vehicles for the special forces
Hornet
Commissioned
BAE Land Systems OMC
6
Ambition 1B
Acquisition of rapid deployment logistical vehicles for parachute and special forces
Gecko
Commissioned from June 2006
Partial acquisition only.
LMT
7
Aorta
MBT acquisition
KMW Leopard 2?
Identified need. No funding.
8
Arum lily
Armoured car upgrade/
turret upgrade
Rooikat
PAP August 2004, Delivery November 2007.
Partial acquisition.
Production phase.
Foreseen commissioning 2008.
BAE Land Systems OMC
9
Ascetic
Tactical electronic warfare system
EW
Three systems contemplated.
10
Atolasa
Upgrade of the Olifant MK 1B main battle tank to MKII status
Olifant
PAP January 26, 2006.
Partial acquisition.
Production phase.
Commissioned from late 2007.
BAE Land Systems OMC
11
Bioskoop
Development of local warning radar systems for air defence
Kameelperd
Project completed.
12
Blesbok
Partial acquisition of new-generation water purification and provisioning system
Water purification system
SR[2] defined January 12,2006
Project study phase. Foreseen date for production: 2008.
“7B” shortened acquisition process
13
Canton
New generation multiple launch rocket system
Bateleur
Completed. 1980s
48 acquired
14
Carnatic
Scatter mines
Landmines
Eight heliborne systems, eight vehicle systems with 31 275 anti-personnel and 19 500 antitank mines.
15
Catchy
Similar to Dart (below), but using Israeli technology[3].
Air Defence Artillery Command-and-control
Completed, 1990s.
16
Chiro
Small minefield breaching system (manpack) 
Mini-Plofadder
Completed, 1990s.
18+75 systems
17
Citizen
Partial acquisition of a new-generation maintenance, repair and recovery system
Technical Services systems
Project study, SR to AACB, August 10, 2006.
Foreseen commissioning 2013.
Technical Services Corps
18
Cytoon
Development and partial acquisition of a battlefield surveillance and mobile intelligence processing system
Battlefield surveillance radar, thermal imagers, UAV.
PAP April 21, 2004. Partial acquisition.
Production phase.
Forseen commissioning: 2009.
Not fully funded
19
Dart
Integration of a system consisting of an EDR220 designation radar from RRS with Control and Display (CDS) from C²I² Systems, prototype X-band tracking radar from RRS and CSIR, prototype fire control system from Synertech (a division of ADS), 35 mm Mk5 AAA cannon from 10 ADA
 Regiment.[4]
Air Defence Artillery Command-and-control
Completed, mid 1990s.
20
Gijima
APC upgrade
Casspir
PAP approved April 21, 2004. Was to be completed by March 2007. 
21
Guardian
(GBADS I[5])
Local warning segment GBADS.
Thales radar, Starstreak VSORADS.
12 Light Multiple Launchers (LML), 120 missiles.
To be complete by December 2009.
R300m/R322m (FY2000).
Denel is prime contractor. High profile contract.
22
Hoefyster
“Badger” ICV to replace Ratel.
Patria AMV
“Badger”
Extended project study. PSR[6] (2) October 2005, PSR (3) August 2006. Contract awarded May 2007.   
R8.4bn for 264 vehicles. Five variants.
30/40 to be built by Patria.
About R31.8 million each.
Contractors: EADS, Patria, Fulcrum, Denel, LMT, more.
23
Isibali
SAEC New generation (insensitive) explosives
Explosives
Entered concept phase, September 2005. 
24
Jury
APC upgrade
Mamba
Commissioning
25
Khanyisa
Infantry anti-tank gun upgrade
M40A1 106mm RCL
Currently without ammunition.
26
Kingfisher
Infantry anti-tank guided missile
Milan ADT
Contract awarded to MBDA/Fulcrum December 2006.
First units delivered early 2008.
R296.7m for 43 launcher upgrades and missiles.
MBDA
Fulcrum
27
Kittyhawk
Technical services equipment.
Recovery and repair vehicles.
1990s.
210 recovery vehicles, 95 repair vehicles.
28
Klooster
Artillery target engagement system (ATES)
AS2000
PAP October 21, 2004. Delivery EFT September 2007, 2nd Regt April 2008
ADS, ATE (Vulture)
29
Loggim
New generation indigenous MBT
Reumech Tank Technology Demonstrator (TTD)
Cancelled 1990s.
Requirement for 282 MBT. 1 TTD built. 
30
Musuku
Development and partial acquisition of Advanced Multi-Role Light Artillery Gun Capability (AMLAGC).
LEO 105mm
SR, September 28, 2005. PSR and spec was due by February 28, 2007. Foreseen commissioning: 2012.
Budget: R134m.
Denel
31
Muhali
Artillery ammunition and charge system upgrade, G6
G6
SR, April 19, 2006, AACB. PSR (1) September 2006, PSR (2) April 2007. Foreseen commissioning: 2008
Denel
32
Outcome
(GBADS III)
Medium range air defence.
Umkhonto AWSAM?
Denel Dynamics
33
Pantile
Engineer earthmoving/construction equipment
SAEC.
Earthmoving equipment.
SR approved, February 13, 2006. PSR (1) February 2007.
Foreseen commissioning: 2009
34
Pigeon
Infantry GPMG upgrade
SS77
PAP November 10, 2004. Commissioning.
Denel.
35
Pirate
Partial acquisition of a new generation hand-held mine detector
Mine detector
SR, February 13, 2006. PSR, January 2007.
Foreseen commissioning: 2008.
36
Prickley (sic) pear
Data base geographical information system for SANDF
Geo data
Concept phase. SR & functional study.
R200K required from SCAMP. Presented to AASB, July 20, 2006.
37
Prima
Mechanised air defence artillery
Mechanised 35mm SPAAG (SP anti-aircraft gun)
Cancelled
One prototype built, apparently without authorisation. 
38
Protector
(GBADS II)
Development and partial acquisition of a mobile air defence system (GBADS)
Mobile ADA
SHORAD
Umkhonto
PAP, March 2008. Acquisition study in progress.
Foreseen commissioning: 2010.
R3bn[7]
Denel Dynamics.
39
Raadsaal
Acquisition of a heavy/extra heavy recovery vehicle
Recovery vehicle.
Kynos Aljaba?
Commissioning. Completion scheduled for March 2008.
Kynos
40
Raleigh
Long-range indigenous antitank guided missile
ZT3
Completed.
169 systems planned for.
TOW Mapats clone with Israeli input.
41
Skovvot
ADA upgrade
Upgrade of Oerlikon 35mm towed air defence guns.
Completed
64+64
42
Stikstof
GBADS
Surface-to-air missile
Cancelled
221 systems contemplated
43
Swatch
Development and partial acquisition of mobile camping system
Weatherhaven tents
Project study underway, SR, August 10, 2005. PSR March 2007.
No funds available at May 2007.
RCS
44
Teamster
Development and partial acquisition of mass field feeding system (Field kitchen)
Field kitchen
Acquisition study. SR, October 18, 2005. PSR approved September 5, 2005. AP March 2007. Foreseen commissioning: 2008.
45
Tladi
Zone 1 anti-tank. New generation portable infantry A/T rocket launcher
RPG7/FT5 replacement.
Staff target in process of approval.
46
Topstar
 Partial acquisition of new-generation gyroscopic systems for the artillery
Gyroscope
Project study. SR, April 21, 2006. PSR, February 2007.
Foreseen commencement of commissioning 2008.
Not SCAMP funded.
47
Utolo
Minefield breaching system 
Replacement for Plofadder.
Functional study, ST, February 5, 2005. Functional study and SR, February 2007.
Partial acquisition only.[8]
48
Velskoen
New generation mine-protected vehicle.
TFM Mamba
Completed
1964 contemplated.
TFM
49
Vislyn
Minefield breaching system
Plofadder
Completed
244 anti-personnel mine systems, 182 anti vehicle-mine systems
Casspir carried.
50
Vistula[9]
Operational supply support system (Cargo and fuel handling).
6×6 & 8×8 trucks
Approved PSR December 8, 2005. Awaiting final decision to commence contracting.
1200 trucks for R3.2 bn[10]
Requirement for 3000?
BEE partner sought. Daimler v MAN v Iveco
51
Vlooimark
Infantry automatic grenade launcher
40mm Y3 AGL
Commissioning. Preliminary completion March 2007.
Partial acquisition only.
Denel
52
Vundulula
Field fire fighting system
Firefighting.
Project study phase.
Project not funded for future phases.
Partial acquisition only.
53
Warrior
Dismounted soldier system
Smart load-bearing equipment and uniform.  
Acquisition study, PSR February 9, 2006
Project study submitted.
Acquisition study for low risk items.
Development plan for complex sub-systems.[11]
Similar o the US Army`s Land Warrior, etc.
54
Wyandotte
Deeper level logistics
Transport by truck, train and ship.
PSR, May 2007.
Project study phase.
Project not funded for further
phases.[12]
55
Zenula
New generation self propelled artillery
G6 Rhinoceros
Completed.
144 systems contemplated.
56
?
Instrumented CTC
Identified need. No registered project.
Table 20A.1: SA Army projects
SA Air Force
Number
Project Name
Description
Equipment
Project Phase
Numbers & Value
Remarks
1
Accord
Upgrade of the C47 aircraft fleet to C47-TP standard.
C47TP
All aircraft have been upgraded and the project was completed in FY 2006/07.
2
Adobe
Self-protection system for the Oryx.
Oryx
Project complete, June 2007.  
3
Assegaai
Development of a short-range air-to-air missile.
(A-Darter)
Development phase has been contracted as a joint venture with Brazil.
4
Bandsman
Upgrade and replacement of airport fire tenders
Fire tenders
Phase 1 to upgrade existing fire tenders was completed in 2006. Phase 2 for the acquisition of fire tenders is in its project study phase with completion date of 2010.
5
Bark[13]              
Development of a reconnaissance Cheetah based on the Mirage IIIR2Z. Not adopted. Aircraft used to test “advanced combat wing” developed under Project Carver.
Cheetah
Completed.
6
Brahman[14]           
Upgrade of 11 Mirage IIID2Z, 3 DZ and 16 EZ to Cheetah D2, D and E.
Cheetah
1990s.
Completed.
Aircraft phased out 2008.
7
Carver[15]            
Advanced new technology fighter project.
New generation fighter
1990s.
Cancelled.
8
Continent
Future medium transport. 
Airbus A400M
Delivery due late 2010.
8-14
Also EW and refuelling platform, possible AEW.
9
Cushion[16]                           
Acquisition of five Cheetah Bs from Israel (Nesher T).
Cheetah
1980s.
Completed.
10
Deer
Oryx Stand-off Radar Jammers.
Oryx EW
Project completed, June 2007.
11
Design
V4 medium range missiles (BVRAAM)
V4 BVRAAM
Programme completed 2004, weapon deployed on Cheetah. Phased out 2008.
Israeli technology.
12
Design
Aircrew training simulator.
Aircrew training simulator
Final acceptance of the system at 80 Air Navigation School.
Operational Test and Evaluation scheduled to end late August 2008.
13
Drummer
Oryx midlife upgrade.
Denel Oryx
40
First two phases in progress.
14
Ebb
C130 midlife upgrade.
LM C130B; BZ
Scheduled completed  March 2008.
9
15
Filter
New generation bomb fuze.
Bomb fuze
Programme completed.
16
Flange
Light utility helicopters.
Agusta A109
30
ADS simulator: R72m.
17
Impose
Combat support helicopter.
Denel CSH2A Rooivalk AND Mokopa ATGM
Rooivalk: Deployment baseline by May 2008, Dev. to be completed by 2009.
Mokopa:   missiles to be acquired. No timeline[17]
R8.1bn to date.
Mokopa: R70m set aside to acquire missiles. R120m spent on development to FY2007, R4.6m to be spent in FY2007/8 and Denel to spend a furtherR98.25.[18]
ADS desktop trainer: R30m.
18
Itambo
Future MALE UAV.
Still under consideration by SAAF not yet registered as a Required Operational Capability (ROC).
19
Jarmen 1
Intercontinental VIP aircraft.
Acquisition of the B737 is completed and the aircraft is in operation at 21 Squadron.
20
Jarmen 2
Upgrade of two Falcon 50’s
Upgrade of the two aircraft is competed and the aircraft is in operation at 21 Squadron.
21
Hooker
C47TP EW trainer
C47TP
1
22
Kambro
Future Medium Fighter.
Superseded by Gripen ALFA acquisition. 
23
Kiemvry[19]            
Cheetah fitted with a strengthened undercarriage and clear vision windscreens.
Cheetah
Completed
24
Koiler
Day/night reconnaissance system for the C208.
Tactical Intelligence System, datalink.
Acquisition of three sets of mission equipment and the modification of 11 aircraft have been contracted. Operational test and evaluation scheduled 2008. Release to service planned for late 2008.
4? systems[20]
Aerosud, Denel
25
Macaw
ATC radar upgrade.
Registered August 1996.
Completed 2007.[21]
Six new radar sets, one mobile set upgraded. R34.924 million. 
26
Maulstic
(Sitron)
Acquisition of four maritime helicopters.
Agusta-Westland 300 SuperLynx
Delivered, 2007. 
4
27
Muggie
Replacement of the radio-switching network.
Project in study phase, 2006.
28
Neckwar[22]
Glass cockpit demonstrator using a Mirage F1.
Mirage F1
Completed 1990s.
ATE and others. Precursor to indigenous Hawk navigation and weapons system (Project Ukhozi).
29
Rossma
Upgrading of six AR3D radars.
Completed.
Tellumat
30
Recipient[23]            
Rebuild of a crashed Cheetah D2 with an Atar 09K-50 engine.
Cheetah
Completed.
31
Tunny[24]            
Cheetah C acquisition.
Cheetah
Ex Israeli Kfir airframes incorporating advanced avionics and EW. Completed. 
32
Ukhozi
Advanced Lightweight Fighter Aircraft.
Saab JAS39 Gripen C/D.
29
33
Winchester
Lead-in Fighter Trainer.
BAE Systems Mk120 Hawk.
24
ADS cockpit procedure trainer: R8m
34
Not registered as a project in 2007[25]
Future MALE UAV.
Still under consideration by SAAF not yet registered as a Required Operational Capability (ROC).
35
Not registered as a project in 2007[26]
Future maritime patrol aircraft
Still under consideration by SAAF not yet registered as a Required Operational Capability (ROC).
CASA C295 or LM C27J
36
(Unknown)
Astra avionics upgrade
Tenders closed March, 2007.
35 aircraft to be upgraded, R400 million[27] budgeted.
Pilatus
37
(Unknown)
Low-cost, side-by-side, basic trainer
A Pakistani option?
12 aircraft @R2-3m each, R24-36m for the fleet[28]
38
(Unknown)
Pavement Management
System, (6
Projects)
(Unknown)
“AWACS”
Erieye
Table 20A.2: SA Air Force projects
SA Navy
Number
Project Name
Description
Equipment
Project Phase
Numbers & Value
Remarks
1
Ackers
Acquisition of Type 351 Minesweepers.
Completed.
Ships retired 2008.
2
Biro
OPV
3
Brutes
Half life upgrade. 
SAS Drakensberg
Project in definition phase in 2006.
4
Caliban
Life extension.
Warrior Class
Completed.
5
Coupe
FAC(M) acquisition
Warrior class
Completed
2
6
Diodon[29]
Technology research, local future Naval Combat System Architecture and related computer network.
Completed, 1980s/90s.
7
Falcon
Frigate acquisition
Domestic design, 1990; Spanish design 1995.
Aborted 1995.
Sitron precursor.
8
Japonica
FAC(M) acquisition.
Warrior class.
Completed.
6
9
Kantor
New tug
Tug
10
Mapantsula
Acquisition of Mine Counter-measure equipment.
Project in definition phase. Scheduled for completion by 2010.
11
Metamorphosis
Integrated ship support concept and agency.
Internal budget[30]
12
Millennium
LPD/LPH.
Project in definition phase.
None allocated as yet.
13
Patris
Acquisition of mine countermeasure processing suites.
Cancelled due to a change in SAN mine warfare policy.
14
Sitron
Frigate acquisition.
Meko A200SAN.
All four delivered, fifth order possible. 
4
Valour-class
15
Stanchion
Acquisition of an underwater signature measurement system.
Project in  acquisition phase. Phase 1 (the signal measurement system) is scheduled for delivery December 2007. Phase 2 (magnetic treatment centre) is scheduled for completion December 2009.
16
Suvecs
Indigenous frigate combat suite.
ADS/CCII/
etc
Cancelled in favour of Thales TAVITAC.
17
Taurus
Corvette acquisition.
A69
Aborted
Thwarted by arms embargo, mid 1970s.
18
Traipse
Acquisition of two multi-purpose harbour tenders.
Delivered, in service.
2, Damen.
19
Twibill
Acquisition of six general workboats.
Delivered, in service.
6
20
Wills
New generation submarine
Type 209 1400
Delivered, in service.
3
21
Xena
C3I for OBS
Tender issued Sept 2007
22
Anti-multipath enhancement for the Valour-class frigates` Optronic Radar Tracker (ORT).
ORT
Pre-production testing will commence in 2009, leading to a roll-out on all ORTs in 2010.
CSIR
23
Close-In Surveillance System (CISS) to defend against asymmetric threats to ships.
Close-In Surveillance System (CISS)
Protoclea
24
Offboard decoy system against anti-ship missiles
ECM trials commenced in 2005 and an Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrator should be ready in 2010.  
SAAB Avitronics, IMT & Univ of Stellenbosch
25
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
Autonomous maritime surveillance helicopter
Univ of Stellenbosch
26
Solid-state Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) stealth radar
StealthRad
Reutech
27
Human Language Technology,
Electronic language translator
University of Stellenbosch
28
Active protection technology
Active protection technology littoral and inland water environment
SAAB Avitronics
29
Sonar development for underwater security. 
Sonar
CSIR
Table 20A.3: SA Navy projects
SA Military Health Service
Number
Project Name
Description
Equipment
Project Phase
Numbers & Value
Remarks
1
Beginning[31]
Defence aeromedical and specialist training facility.
Pre-concept phase.
R400 million, not budgeted for.
2
Mutchkin (sic) 
Development and partial acquisition of a basic chemical and biological self-protection capability consisting of CB detection, protection and equipment de-contamination.  
Project currently in design phase, which is planned to be complete by June 2008. Partial acquisition is planned to commence by December 2008 and first deliveries by September 2009
6 urban defence systems, 3 conventional, R422 million reqd, R198m on budget for next 13 years.
Table 20A.4: SAMHS projects
CMIS
Number
Project Name
Description
Equipment
Project Phase
Numbers & Value
Remarks
1
Billet
SANDF semi-static infrastructure.
Staff Requirement due April 2007.
2
Chamber
Tactical EW capability for the SANDF.[32]
Staff target approved Nov 2006. Functional study due mid-2007.
R110 million
3
Domino
CMIS structure.
The first stage is the design for completion
April 1, 2007 of the second stage; implementation must be completed
April 1, 2008.
4
Enlace
SAAF new generation VHF/UHF radio.
ACR500 (fitted to Rooivalk, Hawk, Gripen, A109, SuperLynx.
Complete
5
Filosoof
EW.
Landward EW system for 2 Signal Regt.
Completed 2001.
6
Janitor/
Bedmaker
SAAF integrated airspace control system, 1983-1995.
C2, radar, remotely-operated HF, VHF, UHF radio for low-level in-flight C2.
SA SCADS (SA Surveillance 
Control & Air Defence System).
7
Legend
SA Army command-and-control.
C2 system
Functional study complete. Acquisition Plan due July 2007.
8
Radiate
SANDF tactical communications.
Project Study Report due July 2007.
Table 20A.5: CMIS Division projects
Policy & Planning
Number
Project Name
Description
Equipment
Project Phase
Numbers & Value
Remarks
1
Balanced Score Card
Strategic management system to underpin performance management.
IT
“First order business solution set for implementation, FY2007/8, fully fledged system to be implemented Jan 2009.
2
DIMS
4
Departmental Organisational Structuring System (DOSS)
Regulate organisational structure process within DOD.
IT
5
Gejima
Strategic planning tool and information system.
6
Loquacious
DoD Business Process Management.
IT
Pilot project has been run 
(Launched Feb 2005).
7
Ntuthwane
Professional strategic planning capability for the DoD.
IT
On hold in March 2007
Table 20A.6: P&P Division projects
Joint Operations
Number
Project Name
Description
Equipment
Project Phase
Numbers & Value
Remarks
1
Battlespace[33]
“A high-level overview of the characteristics of the current and possible
future African operational environment and of some of the military
implications thereof”.
2
Office
FARDC cooperation in the DRC.
3
Nabob fence
4
Simunye[34]
“Project Simunye is a technology project for defining, testing and
evaluating Joint Air Defence (JAD) Command and Control (C2) systems
concepts and related systems architectures”.
5
Sundowner
Long-range high-speed boats for the Special Forces.
Delivered.
CDCC
Number
Project Name
Description
Equipment
Project Phase
Numbers & Value
Remarks
1
Nation
GCIS “tracker research for the DOD
Chief Human Resources
Number
Project Name
Description
Equipment
Project Phase
Numbers & Value
Remarks
1
Restore
Creation of Peace Mission Training Centre at the SANWC. 
Complete
R30 million,
US, UK, Canadian donor money, SANDF contributed R3 million.
Ad hoc
Organ
Project Name
Description
Equipment
Project Phase
Numbers & Value
Remarks
SA Army
Mounting[35]
Closure of Commando units and Group HQs
IG
Tsakani
Pre-audit of territorial reserve units and HQs closed i.t.o. Project Mounting. 


[1] Production Acquisition Plan
[2] Staff Requirement
[3] Richard Young, by email, October 15, 2007.
[4] Richard Young, by email, October 15, 2007.
[5] Three phases proposed, total budget estimated R3.5bn in 2000.
GBADS 1 (Guardian): MANPADS VSORAD (man-portable air defence system, very short range air defence system)
GBADS 2 (Protector): Mobile SHORAD 
GBADS 3 (Outcome): MRAD (medium range air defence) 
[6] Project Study Report
[7] Helmoed-Römer Heitman quoted in The Star, October 13, 2007. Graeme Hosken, Michael Schmidt and Johan du Plessis, 9 killed in army horror. “The SANDF is in the middle of a R3-billion programme to upgrade its ADA, adding gunner-toted short-range missile systems, longer-range vehicle-mounted systems and a new fire-control system”
[8] DoD written reply to a Parliamentary question, May 11, 2007.
[9] “Five projects to renew Logistic main equipment are in various stages of execution, namely from project study phase to the acquisition phase. The projects include equipment such as the replacement of the SAMIL 100 and 50 range of transport vehicles and the introduction of a mobile camping system.”
[10] Beeld, November 2008.
[11] DoD written reply to a Parliamentary question, May 11, 2007.
[12] DoD written reply to a Parliamentary question, May 11, 2007.
[13] Dave Becker, Cheetah Farewell, SA Flyer, May 2008, p40.
[14] Dave Becker, Cheetah Farewell, SA Flyer, May 2008, p40.
[15] Dave Becker, Cheetah Farewell, SA Flyer, May 2008, p40.
[16] Dave Becker, Cheetah Farewell, SA Flyer, May 2008, p40.
[17] Written reply to question 1046 in the National Assembly, June 26, 2007. 
[18] Written reply to question 1046 in the National Assembly, June 26, 2007. 
[19] Dave Becker, Cheetah Farewell, SA Flyer, May 2008, p40.
[20] From the DoD Annual Report, 2005/6. The figure conflicts with that given in a written answer to a question in Parliament, reproduced in the previous column. (Internal question paper 13-2007, Question 624, May 11, 007.  
[21] Written reply to question 1046 in the National Assembly, June 26, 2007. 
[22] ATE briefing, February 2008.
[23] Dave Becker, Cheetah Farewell, SA Flyer, May 2008, p40.
[24] Dave Becker, Cheetah Farewell, SA Flyer, May 2008, p40.
[25] DoD written reply to a Parliamentary question, May 11, 2007.
[26] DoD written reply to a Parliamentary question, May 11, 2007.
[27] Written reply to question 1046 in the National Assembly, June 26, 2007. 
[28] Written reply to question 1046 in the National Assembly, June 26, 2007. 
[29] Richard Young, per email, November 13, 2007.
[30] Written reply to question 1046 in the National Assembly, June 26, 2007. 
[31] Written reply to question 1046 in the National Assembly, June 26, 2007. 
[32] Written reply to question 1046 in the National Assembly, June 26, 2007. 
[33] Armscor Annual Report 2007
[34] Armscor Annual Report 2007
[35]The SA Army Infantry Formation, which controls the Army Territorial Reserve, commences preparations to close down those units. (Project MOUNTING) Stage 2: Once the preparation has been completed, these units are handed over to Project TSAKANI where a pre-audit is done. The unit is then handed over to the Inspector General at DOD level, where a request to DIMS to de-activate the Unit-code is made. A unit is then considered closed. This whole process can take in excess of a year.”