Fact file: SA defence exports: 2009

6391


The United States has for the last two years been South Africa’s largest defence exports client, chalking up purchases of R2.9 billion for the 2009 calendar year, up R300 million from R2.6 billion in 2008.

Spain followed in second place with purchases of R664.9 million, India with buys of R465.9 million, the United Arab Emirates with R447 million, the United Kingdom at R382 milion and Algeria at R382 million. Last year’s top five also included the UAE as well as Britain and Thailand. Algeria and India just fell short.

Top 6

Country

Category

Value (ZAR)

Explanation

6

Algeria

A

C

G

Total

137 476 177

87 013 662

157 688 895

382 178 734

Sales, repairs, demonstrations

Sales, repairs

Sales, repairs

Angola

A

450 000

Sales

Argentina

C

1 880 608

Sales, evaluations

Australia

C

G

Total

6 794 893

1 120 600

7 915 493

Sales, repairs,trials

Sales, demonstrations

Austria

A

49 848 378

Sales, evaluations

Azerbaijan

A

C

E

G

Total

38 989 350

106 781 509

1 101 737

4 876 520

151 749 116

Sales, tests, demonstrations

Sales, tests, demonstrations, repairs

Sales

Sales, tests, demonstrations

Bangladesh

C

9 949 650

Sales, demonstrations

Belgium

A

C

Total

327 437

13 326 274

13 663 711

Sales

Sales, tests, demonstrations, repairs

Benin

A

G

Total

600 000

171 000

771 000

Sales

Sales

Botswana

C

30 051 404

Sales, evaluations

Brazil

A

4 719 096

Sales, demonstrations, exhibition (LAAD)

Brunei

G

116 419

Sales

Burkina Faso

A

C

Total

27 900 000

6 678 703

34 578 703

Sales

Sales

Burundi

A

C

Total

11 510 000

10 929 460

22 439 460

Sales, peacekeeping operations

Sales, peacekeeping operations

Canada

A

C

D

G

Total

255 000

6 877 676

106 672 843

10 340 748

124 146 267

Sales, demonstrations

Sales, repairs

Sales

Sales

Chad

A

2 000 000

Sales

Chile

C

1 430 435

Sales

Colombia

A

B

C

Total

137 915 842

884 213

3 478 717

142 278 772

Sales, evaluations

Sales, repairs

Sales, evaluations

Czech Rep

C

490 926

Sales, demonstrations

DR Congo

C

3 371 369

Sales, peacekeeping operations

Denmark

A

B

Total

988 056

5 124 000

6 112 056

Sales

Sales

Ecuador

C

6 498 800

Sales

Egypt

A

C

G

Total

14 719 863

37 587 293

11 700

52 318 856

Sales

Sales, demonstrations

Sales

Finland

C

2 768 546

Sales, repairs

France

C

G

Total

55 942 622

3 722 543

59 665 165

Sales, evaluations, repairs,demonstrations, exhibition (Paris Air Show), and replacements

Sales, exhibitions, tests, repairs, replacements

Gabon

C

720 500

Sales

Georgia

A

C

Total

850 000

75 000

925 000

Sales

Sales

Germany

A

C

G

Total

18 830 508

162 962 551

3 748 500

185 541 559

Sales, evaluations, repairs, demonstrations

Sales, demonstrations, repairs, integration, tests

Sales, repairs

Ghana

A

C

Total

22 498 748

2 537 000

25 035 748

Sales

Sales

Greece

C

5 878 545

Sales, demonstrations

3

India

A

C

G

Total

314 838 574

147 691 300

3 456 199

465 986 073

Sales, evaluations

Sales, exhibition, evaluations, repairs, demonstrations

Sales, exhibition, evaluations, tests

Indonesia

C

12 585 846

Sales, demonstrations

Iraq

D

82 718

Sales, replacements

Ireland

A

188 888 888

Sales,integrations

Italy

A

C

Total

4 639 505

67 741 927

72 381 432

Sales, evaluations

Sales, repairs, evaluations,demonstrations

Jordan

A

28 601 660

Sales, evaluations

Kenya

C

G

Total

49 442 892

6 295 962

55 738 854

Sales,repairs

Sales, repairs

Kuwait

A

2 361 446

Sales

Lesotho

B

C

D

Total

1 177 753

400 000

2 895 500

4 473 253

Sales, Exercise Golfinho

sales, demonstrations

Sales

Macedonia

C

484 000

Sales

Madagascar

C

D

Total

600 000

1 747 000

2 347 000

Sales, donation

Sales

Malaysia

A

B

C

G

Total

37 623 676

99 588

124 814 807

7 525 000

170 063 071

Sales, demonstrations

Sales

Sales, exhibition, trials, training, demonstrations

Sales, tests

Mauritania

C

G

Total

40 000

24 000

64 000

Sales

Sales

Mexico

C

11 600

Sales

Namibia

C

G

Total

4 096 650

1 166 840

5 263 490

Sales, repairs

Sales

Nepal

C

1 884 313

Sales, repairs

Netherlands

C

11 025 312

Sales, repairs, demonstrations, tests

New Zealand

C

8 573 675

Sales

Nigeria

A
C
D
Total

5 499 792

7 025 976

401 331

12 927 099

Sales, training

Sales, repairs

Sales

Oman

A

B

C

Total

6 949282

8 439 433

2 021 625

17 410 340

Sales, demonstrations, repairs

Sales

Sales, repairs, demonstrations, trials, training

Pakistan

A

C

G

Total

550 739

30 409 508

8 551 142

39 511 389

Sales, demonstrations, repairs

Sales, repairs, evaluations, flight test, demonstrations, tests

sales,evaluations

PR China

C

22 832 640

Sales, demonstration, repairs

Philippines

A

B

Total

19 251 869

80 285 309

99 537 178

Sales

Sales

Qatar

C

1 413 988

Sales

Korea (South)

C

3 545 823

Sales, tests, repairs, demonstrations, exhibitions

Russia

A

B

C

Total

1 153 410

96 402

4 595 676

Sales, evaluations

Sales

Sales and trials

Rwanda

C

2 435 152

Sales, repairs

Saudi Arabia

A

B

C

G

Total

31 171 000

4 422 496

142 875 567

5 000 000

183 469 063

Sales, demonstrations

Sales

Sales, repairs, tests, demonstrations

Sales, tests

Senegal

A

B

C

D

Total

65 087 760

914 000

18 577 406

379 960

84 959 126

Sales

Sales

Sales

Sales

Singapore

A

B

C

Total

9 411 985

9 490 708

92 000

18 994 693

Sales, evaluations, repairs, training, tests, demonstrations

Sales, tests

Sales, repairs, demonstrations

Slovak Rep

A

C

Total

2 416 833

1 235 200

3 652 033

Sales

Sales

Slovenia

C

12 700 016

Sales, repairs, tests

Somalia

A

D

Total

4 577 297

162 000

4 739 297

Sales, demonstrations

Sales

2

Spain

A

C

Total

628 069 999

36 919 639

664 989 638

Sales, evaluations

Sales,evaluations, repairs

Swaziland

A

B

Total

6 000 000

6 461 390

Sales

Sales, Exercise Golfinho

Sweden

A

C

Total

2 782 400

183 232 618

186 015 018

Sales, testing, repairs

Sales, tests, repairs, evaluations, integration, demonstrations

Switzerland

A

C

G

Total

13 061 712

20 000

50 [sic]

13 081 762

Sales, repairs, evaluations

Sales, exhibition, repairs, evaluations, demonstrations

Sales,evaluations

Taiwan

A

C

Total

1 758 532

15 461 800

17 220 332

Sales

Sales, demonstrations

Tanzania

B

9 393 584

Sales, Exercise Golfinho

Thailand

A

C

Total

610 193

1 827 078

Sales, exhibitions

Sales, repairs, demonstrations

Turkey

A

C

Total

32 484 000

24 780 559

57 264 559

Sales

Sales, exhibitions, demonstrations, repairs

Uganda

A

B

C

G

Total

81 760 280

1 750 000

84 884 615

619 590

169 014 485

Sales, donation

Sales

Sales, donation

Sales

United Arab Emirates (UAE)

A

C

D

G

Total

215 415 061

225 487 364

337 970

5 851 105

447 091 500

Sales, exhibition, demonstrations, show, tests, repairs

Sales, repairs, tests, demonstrations, evaluations and exhibition

Sales, exhibition

Sales, tests, exhibition and repairs

5

United Kingdom

A

B

C

G

Total

86 597 879

162 468 452

132 110 815

1 556 123

382 733 269

Sales, repairs, evaluations, demonstrations, exhibition

Sales, exhibition, competition

Sales, evaluations, repairs, exhibition, show, demonstrations

Sales, exhibition, tests, evaluations, repairs

1

United States of America

A

B

C

D

G

Total

1 132 418 657

4000

204 500 754

1 533 675 628

38 480 818

2 909 079 857

Sales, evaluations, demonstrations

Sales

Sales, repairs, demonstrations, tests

Sales, exhibition

Sales, repairs

Vietnam

C

35 633 875

Sales, demonstrations

Zambia

C

32 141 370

Sales, demonstrations, repairs

Category A weapons are “Sensitive, Major Significant Equipment (SMSE) which comprises of conventional implements of war that could cause heavy personnel casualties and/or damage and destruction to material, structures, objects and facilities. Examples are tanks, combat aircraft, large calibre artillery systems, attack helicopters, warships and armoured fighting vehicles.”

Category B arms are “Sensitive Significant Equipment that comprises all types of hand-held or hand-carried assault weapons of the calibre smaller than 12.7mm. All assault rifles, machine guns, pistols and related small arms and ammunition are included in this category.”

Category C covers “Non-Sensitive Equipment which comprises all support equipment usually employed in direct support of combat operations that have no inherent capability to kill or destruct, although, if employed in conjunction with SMSE, they could have multiple effect. Examples are radars, meteorological stations, radio equipment, support vehicles and aircraft and recovery equipment.”

Category D comprises “Non-Lethal Equipment which is limited to purposely designated de-mining and mine clearing and mine detecting equipment, all non-lethal pyrotechnical and riot control products and related equipment. Examples are mine detectors, signal flares, baton rounds and teargas.”

Category E ring-fences “Not-For-Sale items … that are not allowed to be sold, such as anti-personnel landmines.”

Category G (not known)

The Institute for Security Studies in a submission to Parliament in 2008 called the categories “broad and imprecise in nature”, making it ‘almost impossible for the public to ascertain the types and amount of specific arms that have been exported.”



Pic: The BAE Systems RG31, a popular export