Parliamentary Question: Air defence identification zones



Mr M S F de Freitas (DA) to ask the Minister of Defence and Military Veterans:
(1) Whether any air defence identification zones have been declared in (a) 2008, (b) 2009 and (c) 2010;

if so, (i) what procedures are in place to ensure that such declarations are accurate and (ii) in each case, (aa) what does the declaration entail, (bb) where is it located, (cc) what are the reasons for making the declaration, (dd) what were the cost involved and (ee) what are the further relevant details;
(2) whether any external entities have been consulted in each case; if not, why not; if so, what are the relevant details? NW1026E

(1) Yes, the SANDF provides focussed support to the RSA government, within the prescripts of the legal framework outlined by legislation and policy, which contributes to the safe and secure hosting of major events and operations. From 2008, the SANDF, and to a greater extent the SAAF has been involved in various exercises /operations involving the concept of Air Space Security. The main focus from 2008 to 2010 was to ensure airspace security and tactical freedom in preparation for the FIFA Soccer World Cup tournament from April 2010 to July 2010.

To achieve these objectives and facilitate this process, Air Defence Identification Zones (ADIZ) had to be declared.
(a), (b), (c)

The following ADIZ were declared from 2008-2010 for the FIFA FIFA Soccer World Cup tournament:

Exercise Shield 1 Cape Town March 2008

Exercise Shield 2 Bloemfontein July 2008

Exercise Shield3 Gauteng 16 March -19 March 2009

Exercise Shield4 Nelspruit 18 – 22 August 2009

Exercise Shield5 Durban 27 – 31 October 2009

Exercise Shield6 National Exercise 18 – 22 February 2010

Confederations Cup 13 – 28 June 2009

SWC 2010     10 – 11 July 2010
(i) Procedures that were implemented and adopted were as a result of cooperation from all stakeholders and role players. The concept entails the employment of multi-rolled military capabilities integrated with other departments or acting in concert ito national/provincial plans in achievement of multiple objectives, namely:

The rendering of safety and security support.

The ability to respond to crises in the domains of disaster aid and relief.

The conduct of search and rescue missions in the designated S&R areas ito of RSA legislation and applicable agreements.

The rendering of specialist support to government departments not directly related to safety and security support.
(aa) In each case the declaration entailed the declaration of a 50 nm ADIZ around the key venues (bb) – soccer stadiums. It included a 5nm no fly zone around each key venue.
(cc) The reasons for making the declaration was in order to be able to screen and identify all aircrew and aircraft transiting the declared airspace. The purpose for the screening and identification was to ensure maximum control over and knowledge of aircraft inside this ADIZ, thereby ensuring tactical freedom to the security forces.
(dd) There were no costs involved in terms of governmental services.
(ee) During the course of these exercises and/or actual Soccer World Cup matches, any aircraft observed flying without a flight plan or deviating from the filed flight plan, or negotiated route, may be subjected to interception as per ICAO publication and may be subject to prosecution.
(2) To ensure that such ADIZ declarations are accurate and legally mandated, integrated strategic planning takes place at national level and all airspace requirements and restrictions are implemented in consultations with major stakeholders such as Minister of Transport, CAA, ATNS and CAMU, SAPS other military role players and external entities.

To date, the SANDF remains committed and is continually involved in operations to supply air space security. This instruction is currently being carried out in terms of Cabinet Memorandum 18 of 2009 dated 16 October 2009, where the SANDF was instructed to prepare to employ forces in the land, air and maritime domains to effect national border control. This instruction was issued in congruence with the responsibility of the SANDF to protect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the RSA, its national interests and its people in accordance with the Constitution and the principles of International Law regulating the use of force.