Warning signs flashing in CAR senior UN man says

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Despite “vast improvement” in security in parts of the Central African Republic (CAR), there are still deep tensions and some fear a sudden relapse, a top United Nations human rights official said while visiting the strife-torn country.

Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights Andrew Gilmour said he was struck by improvements in the capital, Bangui, such as “bustling markets and signs of growing economic life” and “police, justice and corrections institutions beginning to take form.”

In Bambari, in the Ouaka prefecture, where clashes between armed groups killed numbers of civilians and displaced a significant number, Gilmour saw a fledging gendarmerie, police, judiciary and civil authorities.

Calling it a “town without armed groups,” he said Bambari “represented a model of hope for the way forward,” due to collaboration between government forces, UN peacekeepers from the UN Integrated Stabilisation Mission (MINUSCA), international partners and non-governmental organisations.

The senior UN official warned armed groups are coalescing and continuing with “atrocious attacks” against women and children, even as disarmament stalls, attacks on peacekeepers continue and deployed forces battle without sufficient resources.
“This is a time for leadership, strengthened partnerships and a co-ordinated approach putting Central Africans’ ‘Human Rights Up Front’,” Gilmour said referring to the UN initiative to prevent and respond early to large-scale human rights or humanitarian violations.
“Warning signs are flashing and must not be ignored,” he stressed.

Clashes between mainly Muslim Séléka rebel coalition and anti-Balaka militia, mostly Christian, plunged the country of 4.5 million people into civil conflict in 2013. According to the UN, more than half the population is in dire need of assistance. Despite significant progress and successful elections, CAR has remained in the grip of instability and sporadic unrest.

Fresh violence surfaced earlier this year. As of last month there were more than 500,000 internally displaced persons nationwide, a figure not been reached since August 2014.