US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley arrived in Ethiopia on Monday, among the first visits to Africa by a senior member of President Donald Trump’s administration diplomats hope will shed light on his plans to engage with the continent.
While Africa is traditionally overshadowed by more urgent issues, the Trump administration has so far been hands-off.
“The president is sending me because we want to build our Africa policy back up to what it was under President George W. Bush; it has fallen and our African friends feel that,” Haley told a George W. Bush Institute event in New York last week.
Trump has been vocal about North Korea, Iran and tackling Islamic State militants during his first nine months in office, but said little about Africa until a lunch last month with nine leaders on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly.
There he announced he would send Haley to South Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo to help efforts to broker peace in both countries, where millions of people have been displaced by ongoing violence and UN peacekeeping missions, each costing more than $1 billion annually, are deployed.
Haley wrote in an opinion piece published by CNN she would take a critical look at UN operations.
Haley said she plans to meet with South Sudan President Salva Kiir and Congolese President Joseph Kabila to “deliver a strong message their governments need to stop making the work of aid workers and peacekeepers more difficult.”
Some African diplomats hope Haley’s trip will spark a conversation in Washington on the administration’s broader engagement with Africa.
“We hope after this trip the administration will sit down and maybe before the end of the year we can hear their Africa strategy,” said a senior African diplomat at the United Nations, speaking on condition of anonymity. “We would have wished it was earlier, but it’s never too late.”
Haley’s visit to Africa comes after four US soldiers were killed during an October 4 ambush in Niger.
“The Niger crisis has shown they can’t take a hands-off approach. They have to remain engaged because they have boots on the ground,” said a second senior African diplomat at the United Nations, also speaking on condition of anonymity.
At his lunch with African leaders, Trump said there was “tremendous business potential” and he has friends “trying to get rich” in Africa. But he also noted the threat from militants such as Islamic State, al-Shabaab, Boko Haram and al Qaeda.
“The United States is proud to work with you to eradicate terrorist safe havens,” he said. “And a number of you have told me we’ve been doing a good job over the last six or seven months in particular.”
In June the United States said it did not want the United Nations to fund a proposed African force to fight Islamist militants in West Africa, UN diplomats said. France on Friday pushed Washington to step up support for the force so it doesn’t fail, leaving French troops to carry the burden.
Haley has been campaigning to cut UN peacekeeping costs as the United States is the largest contributor.
“Throughout the world, we have seen desperate situations lead to dangerous results. For this reason, President Trump asked me to travel to the region to get a first-hand picture of what can be done,” Haley wrote.
‘NO CLEAR DIRECTION’
UN human rights chief Zeid Ra‘ad Al Hussein summed up US global engagement last week as “caught somewhere between isolationism and militarism, with no clear direction in foreign policy apart from a few notable, exceptional, files.”
As with most of the key regional bureaus at the US State Department, there is currently no permanent chief diplomat for Africa. The Bureau of African Affairs is led by career diplomat Don Yamamoto as an acting assistant secretary of state.
Yamamoto is an experienced Africa hand, diplomats say leading any agency regional bureau in an acting capacity means an official is not perceived abroad as having the full backing of the White House and has limited influence in the US bureaucracy.
“They seem to be relying heavily on their ambassadors on the ground and not having a Washington-centric approach to their relationship with Africa,” said the second diplomat.
In August Haley’s colleague in Trump’s cabinet, US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, travelled to Togo to review a free trade pact with sub-Saharan Africa, but talks ended with no decision.