The United Nations Security Council tis week renewed the mandate of UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan for another year and demanded all parties immediately end fighting countrywide.
With the unanimous adoption of a resolution on the mandate extension until March 15, 2019, the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) is charged with performing tasks including protecting civilians, creating conditions conducive to delivery of humanitarian assistance, monitoring and investigating human rights violations and supporting the peace process.
The Council decided to maintain the overall force levels of UNMISS with a troop ceiling of 17,000 troops, which includes a Regional Protection Force at levels to be set by the Secretary-General but not exceeding 4,000 and maintaining the ceiling of 2,101 police personnel, including individual police officers, formed police units and 78 corrections officers.
The 15-member body also demanded all parties immediately end fighting across the country and further demanded national leaders abide by the ceasefires agreed on July 11, 2016 and May 22, 2017, as well as the truce signed on December 21, 2017.
South Sudan attained independence from Sudan in July 2011 after a referendum, becoming the world’s newest country. The Security Council established UNMISS to support the transition, determining the situation faced by South Sudan continued to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region.
The country has since faced ongoing challenges due to a political face-off between rival factions that erupted into full blown conflict in December 2013. The crisis has produced one of the world’s worst displacement situations with immense suffering for civilians.