Those breaking South Sudan peace deal face sanctions


An internationally backed ceasefire monitoring team in South Sudan has asked the UN Security Council to say whether leaders violating a peace treaty should face asset freezes, regional travel bans or an arms embargo.

The statement comes a day after Nikki Haley, US ambassador to the United Nations, urged the body to impose an arms embargo and spoke of growing international frustration with the South Sudanese government.

South Sudan has been riven by civil war since 2013 after clashes between troops loyal to former vice president Riek Machar and President Salva Kiir. The fighting took on ethnic overtones, killing tens of thousands of people, causing widespread hunger and forced a third of the population to flee.

The ceasefire monitoring commission, chaired by former Botswana president Festus Mogae, is supposed to oversee a largely ignored 2015 peace deal. Both sides have repeatedly violated it. A ceasefire negotiated in December was violated within hours, the monitors said.
“We cannot stand by as South Sudanese leaders sign an agreement one day and authorise or allow its violation with impunity the next,” Mogae said in a statement after addressing the UN Security Council via videolink from Juba.

South Sudan government spokesman Michael Makuei Lueth told Reuters ceasefire monitors were unfair and relied on second-hand information.
“This is unfortunate and it is a misleading report and the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) should not have listened to such report,” he said. “They are working hard to weaken government so the rebels become stronger and take over.”

Rebel deputy spokesman Lam Paul Gabriel said they would welcome any intervention by the international community to enforce the tattered ceasefire.
“We welcome his idea to make sure those who violated the ceasefire are held responsible,” he said. “We need proper investigations to find out who is responsible for the violation of the ceasefire this time.”

Haley warned bluntly the administration was running out of patience with South Sudan’s leaders.
“Things are going backwards in South Sudan,” she said, noting despite promises from Kiir, aid workers still faced huge fees and restrictions and government promoted three generals sanctioned for severe human rights abuses.
“The time has come to acknowledge the hard reality that the leaders of South Sudan are not just failing their people, they are betraying them,” she said. “It’s long past time that the Security Council establish an arms embargo on South Sudan.”