South Sudan President Salva Kiir believed the new peace deal between his government and the main rebel group would not collapse because it was not forced upon them like previous accords.
At a news conference in Juba, Kiir said he would travel to Khartoum to sign the agreement at the ceremony on Sunday. Arch foe Riek Machar, leader of the SPLM-IO rebel group which has fought Kiir’s forces intermittently since 2013, is also expected to attend.
Fuelled by personal and ethnic rivalries, the conflict killed tens of thousands, displaced an estimated quarter of South Sudan’s population of 12 million and ruined its economy that heavily relies on crude oil production.
Previous peace agreements, the most recent in 2015, held for only months before fighting resumed. Kiir put this down to external influences. Both the 2015 and the 2018 agreements were mediated by Sudan and other east African nations.
“2015 was forced on us, we were not given the opportunity to express our desire. This is why when I came to sign… I gave my reservations,” Kiir said.
“People didn’t take me seriously until the agreement collapsed. But the new deal would not suffer the same fate,” Kiir told reporters.
“This agreement (2018) will not collapse and I am sure it will not collapse because the people of South Sudan have agreed they must make peace among themselves,” he said.
Negotiations for the peace deal were completed and outstanding issues with his opponents would be settled after signing of the deal, Kiir said.
The conflict has been driven by ethnic divisions — Kiir and Machar come from Dinka and Nuer ethnic groups respectively.
Some smaller opposition groups expressed doubts over the new deal. The SPLM has said it contains several shortfalls, including a “serious lack of consistency in allocating power-sharing ratios at all levels of governance”.
Kiir’s side will take 20 slots in the new 35-member government, while Machar’s SPLM-IO and other smaller opposition groups will take the rest.
“I am going to sign,” Kiir told journalists. “The agreement is in place and we will remain committed … and will implement it,” he said.