Hundreds of fighters loyal to South Sudanese opposition leader Riek Machar have been transferred within neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo for medical treatment by the UN peacekeeping mission there, according to an internal Congolese army report.
The report, dated Tuesday and seen by Reuters on Wednesday, is the first confirmation that so many armed men have crossed the border since Machar, South Sudan’s former vice-president, fled to Congo last month following fierce fighting in the capital, Juba.
Machar was picked up by the UN mission in Congo (MONUSCO) with a leg injury on August 17 and evacuated to another part of the country before travelling for medical treatment to Sudan, where he has since remained.
The army report said, beginning on August 18, the mission organised three flights per day over three days from Dungu, some 75 km from the South Sudan border, to the eastern city of Goma, about 1,000 km to the south, for his fighters.
“About 500 fighters of (Riek Machar) have been evacuated and sent to Goma. Among them are the lightly, seriously and very seriously wounded who were treated by medical staff at the MONUSCO clinic in Dungu before evacuation to Goma,” it said.
UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric confirmed the mission evacuated “above a hundred” of Machar’s wounded fighters for humanitarian reasons, and that the soldiers gave up their weapons before boarding UN helicopters.
“MONUSCO has evacuated some elements from the SPLA in opposition on humanitarian grounds so they can receive urgent medical assistance,” Dujarric said.
Government spokesman Lambert Mende told Reuters that Congo authorised MONUSCO to provide medical care to some Machar fighters who have crossed the border as long as they disarmed, but did not know how many.
He added talks were ongoing with the South Sudanese government over what would happen to those fighters.
Hundreds have been killed in battles that broke out in the world’s youngest nation in July as troops loyal to Machar and President Salva Kiir, his long-time political foe, fought each other using tanks, artillery and helicopters.
The most recent clashes have reignited a refugee crisis that has driven more than two million people from their homes since conflict between Kiir and Machar’s forces first broke out in 2013.
As of August 28, authorities had registered 27,250 South Sudanese refugees in eastern Congo, 21,600 of them this year, the UN Refugee Agency said.
Kiir publicly agreed last month to accept 4,000 additional UN peacekeepers to the 12,000-strong mission already on the ground but details of the deployment still need to be worked out.