“No military solution” to ongoing Darfur crisis – UN peacekeeping chief


With inter-communal clashes in Darfur sparking deadly violence and security restrictions hindering the efforts of peacekeepers, the UN peacekeeping chief has urged the international community to press the belligerents to reach a political settlement.

“The situation in Darfur is troubling,” Hervé Ladsous, under-secretary-general for Peacekeeping Operations said this week when he briefed the Security Council on the work of the AU/UN mission in the conflict-torn Western region of Sudan (UNAMID).

Resolving the conflict continued to require a combined effort by the Council, the AU and the wider international community to persuade the belligerent parties that “there is no military solution to the crisis”. Keeping attention on the situation in Darfur amidst a series of newer crises remained as important as ever, the UN said.
“The people of Darfur have known conflict and suffering for too long,” Ladsous said, urging the Council to do all it could to help relieve their suffering and bring about an end to the fighting by supporting UNAMID and by applying additional pressure on the belligerents to reach a negotiated settlement.

Ladsous said that despite “mildly encouraging” developments in the peace process, a fully inclusive political settlement was yet to be reached.

UNAMID was working hard to implement its mandate in challenging circumstances. Better co-operation on the part of the Sudanese authorities and improvements in troop and police contingent equipment levels were needed to enable the mission to operate at closer to its full potential, Ladsous said.

As for recent developments linked to the peace process, Ladsous said that on the political front, in the run-up to the Donors Conference on April 7 and 8, internally displaced people launched peaceful protests in Kalma and d’Hassa Hissa camps in south and central Darfur. They spoke of insecurity, unresolved land disputes and the predominance of armed militias as reasons why they opposed the Doha Conference.

Nonetheless, participants at the conference expressed support for the Darfur development strategy, he said, pledging a total $3.7 billion, including $2.65 billion previously committed by Sudan and $500 million by Qatar. The total pledged missed the $7.2 billion goal expected for the six-year development strategy.

As for the adoption of the Doha Document by the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), led by Mohamed Bashar, he said hostilities had broken out between them and forces loyal to Jibril Ibrahim, near Darma, northeast of El Geneina on April 18. UNAMID was looking for the cause of clashes.

On April 24, JEM announced it would immediately withdraw from the government over delays in the implementation of the Doha Document and the expulsion from Sudan of the International Republican Institution earlier that day. The Institution is a non-governmental group providing capacity building and technical assistance to JEM to support its transition into a political party. High-level negotiations between the National Congress Party and JEM are ongoing.

As regards security, he said intensified conflict in Darfur due to military standoffs, as well as inter-community standoffs, was a source of concern. Clashes to date have displaced more than 200 000 people, including 24 000 to Chad – more than last year’s total.

Following those hostilities, the Government and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) – Minni Minawi, clashed in east and south Darfur. On April 6, SLA – Minni Minawi took control of Labado and Muhajeria in east Darfur. The next day, they took Ishma village in south Darfur. As a result, some 33 000 people remained near the UNAMID bases of Muhajeria and Labado.

Inter-communal violence in Darfur involving well-armed militias also caused significant suffering among the civilian population. On April 3, an attempted armed robbery triggered clashes between militias drawn mainly from the Misseriya and Salamat tribes in Um Dukhun, Central Darfur, Ladsous said.

Sporadic fighting between the groups continued and spread eastwards, between April 6 and 17 to Rehed El Birdi, 245 km southwest of Nyala in South Darfur and northwards to Darley, 130 km south of Zalingei, Central Darfur. He said community sources estimated upwards of 68 people had been killed and 60 injured in the clashes.

Movement restrictions and other obstructions imposed by the belligerent parties continued to hamper UNAMID operations Ladsous noted. Earlier this month, government security forces forcibly prevented UNAMID helicopters from departing Shangil Tobaya and Afaf Umra after the crews refused to transport local officials not on the flight manifest. The flights eventually took off without the officials on board after several hours of negotiations.

On visa issuances, he said that on April 3, the authorities had issued 401 new entry visas for UNAMID civilian police but, as of April 25, 858 visas remained outstanding, including 533 for civilian police. To address these and other issues impeding UNAMID operations, he said the tripartite co-ordination mechanism between the AU, the UN and the Sudanese government met in Addis Ababa on April 15, with government representatives urging UNAMID to co-ordinate more closely with Darfur security officials to improve access.

Participants also agreed to review the validity of outstanding visa requests submitted in 2011 and 2012, Ladsous said.