Live event summary: Countering the Insurgency in Mozambique


Liesl Louw-Vaudran, Senior Researcher and Project Leader, Institute for Security Studies, who gave the keynote address at defenceWeb’s Countering the Insurgency in Mozambique event today, provided an overview of the situation in Mozambique.

Since the start of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Mission in Mozambique (SAMIM) and Rwanda’s intervention, there have been fewer attacks. Some key roads have been opened and some Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are returning. 3 461 people have been killed and a further 900 000 displaced. Anecdotal evidence from the ISS shows the violent nature of the insurgency.

Research shows insurgent attacks slow down in the rainy season (January and February), meaning a clear picture of ASWJ’s attacks will only come later in the year.

Liquified natural gas projects are expecting to return in the next year or two. Louw-Vaudran said her meeting in Maputo revealed that there are international partners willing to pledge training and resources. These partners seem to disagree over the nature of the insurgency.

SADC politicians understand that promoting Foreign Direct Investment means securing the Southern African region. “Reconstructing Cabo Delgado” is the term being used in Maputo. Over the next three years, with the help of massive investments such as the World Bank pledging $300 million, the Mozambican government will attempt to recover the northernmost province.

Upon interviewing Mozambique and Cabo Delgado citizens, the root cause of the insurgency is believed to be linked to the discovery of rubies and natural gas and the exclusion of locals from these resources and other opportunities.

To view the event, please click here: