A French diplomatic initiative aimed at resolving Libya’s long-running crisis angered Italian officials, who saw it as another example of newly elected President Emmanuel Macron snubbing Rome.
Earlier, France confirmed reports it would host talks between Fayez al-Serraj, head of Libya’s UN-backed government in Tripoli, and Khalifa Haftar, a powerful military commander in the divided country’s east.
Italy previously took the lead in efforts to bring peace to its former North African colony, throwing its weight firmly behind Serraj and viewing Haftar with scepticism.
“Macron wants to be much more involved in Libya. That is fine, but he has brushed us away. We were not consulted,” said a diplomat in the Italian foreign ministry, who declined to be named because of the sensitivity of the issue.
“There is a lot of anger over this,” the diplomat added.
Opposition politicians accused Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni’s government of allowing the French to push Italy out when it came to Libyan diplomacy.
“The Libyan meeting organised by France shows the total failure of Italy’s foreign policy,” Giorgia Meloni, leader of the rightist Brothers of Italy party, wrote on Twitter.
“This has taken away our nation’s traditional role of primary intermediary with Libya,” she added.
Italy’s leading television chat show host, Bruno Vespa, let rip writing on Twitter the country was being “cuckolded and beaten” by France. “Rebel!” he told Gentiloni and Foreign Minister Angelino Alfano.
Macron’s office said it meant no disrespect to Italy. “This is not an initiative that excludes others,” the Elysee said.
Asked how he viewed the French move, Gentiloni said: “Let’s see. I hope it proves positive.”
Gentiloni’s government welcomed the election of Macron in May, viewing the pro-European centrist as someone who could help Rome on an array of barbed issues — including how to handle the vast Mediterranean migrant flows.
At a summit in Trieste this month, Macron acknowledged Paris had not always been as helpful as it could, but he has since failed to match actions to words, leaving the southern French border firmly shut to migrants seeking to leave Italy.
Italy’s Romano Prodi, a former European Commission president, said Macron was putting French interests first at the expense of Italy and warned he could not always count on Rome’s support at the heart of Europe.
“Solidarity is perhaps symmetrical. To get you have to give,” Prodi wrote in Il Messaggero newspaper, saying Macron was “particularly marginalising” Rome.
Italy earlier this year reopened its embassy in Tripoli, the first Western diplomatic mission to return to Libya following the chaos that engulfed the country in the wake of the downfall of Muammar Gaddafi.
It also set up a military hospital near Misrata and leads the European Union’s Mediterranean migrant mission which began training the Libyan coastguard last October.
A senior French official, speaking after Macron took power, expressed frustration with Italian diplomacy, saying Rome was wrong to back a Misrata-based militia. He added Haftar had to be given a prominent role to secure peace and acknowledged France would not initially involve Rome.
“We can’t say anything to Italians, because they think this is their subject,” he said. “The Italians won’t be happy, but we will need to get them in the loop at the end.”