Central African Republic’s interim president appealed on Monday to Muslim Seleka rebels and ‘anti-balaka’ Christian militia to agree a ceasefire at the start of talks in the neighbouring Congo Republic.
The three-day forum in Brazzaville, mediated by Congolese President Denis Sassou Nguesso, aims to reach terms for a halt to hostilities and disarmament but will not address negotiations for a longer-term peace deal in the former French colony.
“This forum which opens today is a major step in the political dialogue and reconciliation between the sons and daughters of Central African Republic,” Interim President Catherine Samba Panza said at the opening of the talks.
Samba Panza, whose government will steer the country to elections next year, said the forum would pave the way towards further difficult steps in securing peace, such as inter-community talks at a grassroots level.
The talks bring together some 169 delegates from the transitional government, civil society and armed groups.
Thousands have been killed and more than a million forced from their homes by sectarian violence which erupted after mostly Muslim Seleka fighters seized power in the majority Christian country in March 2013.
Months of lootings and killings by Seleka fighters – many of them mercenaries from neighbouring Chad and Sudan – prompted a backlash by the ‘anti-balaka’ militia that has driven the rebels and tens of thousands of Muslims northwards, effectively dividing the country along religious lines.
Clashes between the two sides and reprisals against both Christians and Muslims have continued despite the presence of 2,000 French peacekeepers and 6,000 African troops. The United Nations will deploy a peacekeeping mission in September.
Samba Panza took office after Seleka’s leader Michel Djotodia was forced to resign as president in January under international pressure.
Djotodia, who was reappointed as Seleka leader earlier this month, is the target of U.S. sanctions and will not personally attend the talks.
Human Rights Watch appealed on Sunday for participants in the forum to reject any calls for amnesty for those responsible for serious human rights abuses.
“Mediators need to make clear that lasting peace cannot be achieved without justice and that no one is above the law,” said Daniel Bekele, Africa director at Human Rights Watch.
In a sign of the volatility of the situation, several Seleka fighters awaiting disarmament took to the streets of central Bangui on Monday, firing into the air, after one of their number was stabbed by a militia member. Calm returned after French and African peacekeepers deployed to the area.