Central African Republic approved a law creating a special criminal court to investigate allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity during more than a decade of ethnic and religious conflict.
Hundreds died in violence and scores more were raped and tortured but perpetrators have not faced any meaningful legal pursuit, rights activists say.
“With this law, we will now be able to count on the justice system to put an end to the conflicts, to the killings, to the massacres,” Ernest Mezedio, a national deputy, told Reuters.
“The executioners who walk around freely should know the hour of justice has sounded,” he said. The country’s parliament approved the law on Tuesday.
The United Nations’ deputy representative in Central African Republic said the tribunal – which will be composed of both national and international judges – would begin formal investigations next week.
Rights activists say the court represents the best hope at reversing years of impunity, but concede the considerable power wielded by potential investigation targets and vast swaths of territory beyond government control pose steep obstacles.
Central African Republic has suffered a series of violent political crises since former president Francois Bozize seized power in a 2003 coup d’etat.
Major violence erupted again in 2013 when mainly Muslim Seleka rebels ousted Bozize, prompting reprisals from mostly Christian militias.
A United Nations report last year said the litany of killings, rapes, mutilation, looting and torture committed by successive governments and armed groups from 2003-2015 may constitute crimes against humanity.