The African Union (AU) suspended Sudan until there was civilian rule, intensifying global pressure on its new military leaders to stand down after the worst violence since Omar al-Bashir’s fall in April.
Ethiopia – where the continental bloc is based – planned a mediation effort, with Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed due to meet members of both the ruling Transitional Council (TMC) and the opposition, a diplomatic source said.
Both sides were in talks over a civilian-led transition to democracy. The already faltering negotiations collapsed when security forces stormed a sit-in protest camp killing dozens of people.
Meeting in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa, the AU’s peace and security council invoked its response to interruptions of constitutional rule by suspending Sudan.
That followed condemnation of the bloodshed from the United Nations and the West.
Former colonial ruler Britain summoned Sudan’s ambassador to the Foreign Office to express concern.
The Declaration of Freedom and Change Forces (DFCF) opposition alliance said it was not ready for more dialogue and demanded the military hand over power.
“The coup council and anyone involved in its crimes since April 11 must be held accountable,” it added in a statement, also demanding dissolution of the feared paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF). Witnesses said the RSF, which controls Khartoum, led the crackdown on the protest camp.
The opposition says 108 people died in violence since Monday with Sudan’s Health Ministry putting the toll at 61, including three security personnel it said were stabbed to death.
The RSF, led by the military council’s deputy leader General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, emerged from militias that fought insurgents in western Darfur region since 2003.
The militias are accused of atrocities in Darfur and Bashir was indicted by the International Criminal Court for war crimes and genocide – which he denies. He is now detained in Khartoum.
Rights group Amnesty International blamed the RSF for this week’s violence. “The RSF, the special military force which killed, raped and tortured thousands in Darfur, brings its murderous rampage to the capital,” it said.
“Reports of bodies dumped in the river demonstrate the utter depravity of these so-called security forces.”
The military council says Monday’s raid was targeting criminals adjacent to the camp and got out of hand.
It said it was the victim of a media smear campaign and promised an inquiry.
State news agency SUNA said the public prosecutor questioned witnesses and vowed to complete the investigation as soon possible.
The RSF’s high profile in Khartoum suggests Dagalo, a former Darfur fighter with a fearsome reputation, is calling the shots at least when it comes to security.
He is close to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates and committed Sudanese troops to the military coalition in Yemen’s civil war.
Monday’s raid was followed by protests with roadblocks and fires, normal movement began to return to the Sudanese capital on Thursday. Witnesses said traffic was flowing again though many shops remained closed.
Sudan has been rocked since December when anger over rising bread prices and shortages turned into protests against Bashir that culminated in the military removing him after a three-decade rule where he became a pariah in Western eyes.
After Monday’s events, the military council cancelled all prior agreements with the opposition on a democratic transition and announced plans to hold elections within nine months.