UN General Assembly on verge of negotiating Security Council reform

On-going work on reshaping the size and membership of the Security Council and making the vital organ of the world body more democratic is finally heading for serious negotiations, Afghanistan’s Ambassador to the United Nations says.
The UN News Centre reports General Assembly President Miguel D’Escoto, who holds a one-year term, selected Ambassador Zahir Tanin to jump start the stalled Security Council reform process, which got underway some 16 years ago.
“Security Council reform is sometimes dismissed as a cocktail party pastime for ambassadors, but I think, if it was the case before, those days are definitely over,” said Tanin, who chairs the intergovernmental working group dealing with the restructuring the Council.
The ambassador told journalists at UN Headquarters in New York that the competition over different reform proposals has ended and intergovernmental negotiations towards compromises are on the agenda of the General Assembly, which comprises of all 192 member states.
The key issues concerning reform of the 15-member Council – five permanent members with veto power and 10 one-year rotating memberships – include the category of membership, the question of veto, regional representation, size of an enlarged Security Council, and working methods of the Security Council and its relationship with the General Assembly.
Only decisions of the Security Council are binding on Member States, not those of the General Assembly.
“The overwhelming majority of the Member States made it clear to us that it is not about negotiations on negotiations, but the aim is an early reform as the world’s leaders expressed in the World Summit’s outcome document in 2005.
“It’s up to the Member States, in particular the five permanent [members], to help get the outcome that is needed,” added Tanin.
The working group will be presenting the General Assembly with a plan for discussion of how and when to negotiate Council reforms on 19 February.