Tanzania’s High Court rejected a petition from some opposition leaders to halt parliamentary debate on draft legislation they say would criminalise many legitimate political activities and cement “one-party” rule.
Accusing opposition groups of trying to foment violence to derail economic reforms, President John Magufuli’s government wants to amend the law governing political parties.
The changes would expand grounds on which authorities can suspend political parties and jail their members.
Critics say that would curb freedoms in the East African nation and prevent an effective challenge to Magufuli and the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party in next year’s general election and this year’s local elections.
Tanzania, a nation of 57 million people, has long been regarded as one of Africa’s most stable democracies. The ruling CCM party and its predecessor TANU, have governed since independence from Britain in 1961.
Since Magufuli was elected in 2015 his administration implemented curbs including banning newspapers, restricting opposition rallies and detaining dozens of their members. The 59-year-old is nicknamed “The Bulldozer” partly for his pugnacious management style.
That has drawn criticism from Western donors who provide hundreds of millions of dollars annually.
Some suspended loans or aid.
Under the proposed legal changes, individuals conducting civic education – for example giving out information on voter registration – must seek permission from a government-appointed registrar of political parties or face a fine and up to a year in jail. Opposition leaders say the registrar would have sweeping powers to de-register parties.
Parties would also be forbidden from functioning as “pressure or activist groups”.
The court rejected the opposition’s plea on a technicality. “This petition was not properly filed. It is therefore struck out with costs,” said Judge Benhajj Masoud.
Opposition leaders said if debate proceeds later this month, amendments are likely to be rubber-stamped by a parliament dominated by the ruling party.
Lawmaker Zitto Kabwe, one of three opposition leaders who filed the lawsuit, said on Twitter he would keep on fighting.
“If the bill is passed into law, we will oppose it again at the courts of law,” he said.
If the amendments pass, Tanzania would become “a de facto one-party state”, said Kabwe’s ACT-Wazalendo party.
The amendments were filed in November and are expected to come up for debate when lawmakers return from recess on January 29.