Malawians queued up to vote on Tuesday in a re-run of a discredited poll that has become a test case for the ability of African courts to tackle vote fraud and restrain presidential power.
Malawi’s judiciary infuriated President Peter Mutharika, in power since 2014, when it overturned his narrow victory in February over “systematic and grave” irregularities.
His disputed win also sparked popular anger leading to months of anti-government protests, a rare sight in Malawi. Last week hundreds of lawyers also protested against interferance with the judiciary when Mutharika tried to retire Chief Justice Andrew Nyirenda, forcing the president to back down.
The supreme court upheld the decision last month, which Mutharika, 79, called a “coup” in a campaign rally on Saturday in the northern district of Rumphi.
“I’m glad to vote again. This I pray, that my vote will count,” said Bernado Simbi, 36, a domestic security guard after voting for President Mutharika in a school near Chileka Airport, north of the commercial capital Blantyre.
The judiciary’s ruling echoed one by a Kenyan court in 2017, which cancelled President Uhuru Kenyatta’s election win. Both were remarkable on a continent in which judges often serve as a rubber stamp to executive power.
The vote looks too close to call. Malawi has since ditched its “first-past-the-post” system so the winner has to get more than 50%.
In the May 2019 poll, Mutharika got 38.57%, three percentage points more than opposition leader Lazarus Chakwera, and less than ten points ahead of a third candidate, Deputy President Saulos Chilima.
The 47-year-old Chilima has now backed Chakwera, 64, which would give them a majority if they can combine their previous votes.
Mutharika’s Democratic Progressive Party is in an alliance with the southern African nation’s ex-ruling party, the United Democratic Front, which got less than five percent last time.
Lying on a lake at the southern tip of the Great Rift Valley, about half of Malawi’s predominantly farming population live in poverty. Its main exports are tobacco and tea.
“I must continue what I started … to end poverty and develop Malawi,” Mutharika said on Saturday. “I’ll build roads, I’ll put food on the table.”
The former law professor has revamped Malawi’s roads and boosted electricity while also taming inflation. Yet critics accuse him of doing little to tackle corruption.
“The government has lost the anti-corruption fight (and) the opposition has taken advantage,”said Happy Kayuni, political science lecturer at Malawi University.
Chakwera has made graft a central pillar of his campaigns.
COVID-19 restrictions will make it tricky for foreign observers, although last time they failed to detect fraud.