Iraq has arrested at least 240 former members of Saddam Hussein’s banned Baath Party and ex-military officers over what some senior officials described as a plot to seize power after US troops withdraw at year’s end.
While several officials characterised the round-up which began this week as the foiling of a specific plot, others said it was a precautionary measure before the U.S. withdrawal, nearly nine years after the 2003 invasion that ousted Saddam.
Government officials have long expressed concern that Baathists would try to retake power when US troops depart.
“We have arrested a group belonging to the former Baath party that were planning to launch sabotage actions and revolt to topple the political process in the country after withdrawal of American forces,” Lieutenant-General Hussein Kamal, Iraq’s deputy interior minister for intelligence, told Reuters.
After ousting Saddam, U.S. forces dissolved the Iraqi security forces and purged state institutions of members of his Sunni-dominated Baath party, moves that contributed to a bloody Sunni insurgency. Iraq has since tried to bring some Baath party members not accused of major crimes back into public life.
Kamal said intelligence reports indicated that more than 300 suspects were part of a group which had been operating across Iraq, including the provinces of Baghdad, Najaf, Nassiriya, Wasit, Nineveh, Diyala, Kirkuk and Anbar.
“We are still following this dangerous group and we are working to neutralise this network with branches across Iraq,” he added, declining to offer any details of the plot.
The crackdown could further alienate Sunnis, many of whom are deeply suspicious of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki’s Shi’ite-led government. The Iraqiya political bloc, a secularist group that is supported by many Sunnis and has joined Maliki’s coalition government, condemned the arrest campaign.
“Creating a crisis at this time is not in the interests of the nation,” Deputy Prime Minister Saleh al-Mutlaq, a prominent Sunni and a leader of Iraqiya, said. “Such a thing will hinder the U.S. withdrawal from Iraq.”
At a meeting on Tuesday, the bloc’s leaders discussed the possibility of quitting the government but decided after meeting with a Maliki envoy to monitor the crackdown for now, an Iraqiya source who attended the meeting said.
More than eight years after the invasion and just two months ahead of a complete U.S. withdrawal, Iraq is grappling with the question of how to deal with the legacy of decades of Baathist rule. Many Iraqis joined the party just to advance in government positions and feel discrimination against members is unfair.
Iraq has passed legislation designed to partially reverse the U.S. decision in 2003 to purge the government of Baath Party members, but some accuse the Shi’ite-led government of stalling its implementation.
Since the round-up of ex-Baathists and former high-ranking army officers started earlier this week, at least 240 people have been arrested, including 33 in Salahuddin province, 33 in Diyala, 60 in Kirkuk, 40 in Basra, eight in Wasit, 27 in Nassiriya and 56 in Babil, senior security officials said.
Security and police officials said Maliki had issued arrest warrants for around 350 former Baath Party members.
“We have arrested 33 former members of the Baath Party after receiving intelligence they were organising clandestine meetings recently,” said one local official, Tikrit police Lieutenant Abdulla al-Douri. “It’s a precautionary measure to stop any possible moves to restore Baath activities.”
A source close to Maliki told Reuters that intelligence reports revealed the plot by a group of former Baath members to take power after the U.S. withdrawal.
“Who knows? Anything could happen in Iraq,” the source said when asked if the ex-Baathists had the ability to seize power. “They still have this dream.”
Concerns about the possibility of a coup are partly a response to the growing assertiveness of Maliki, a Shi’ite politician who heads a fragile and often fractious coalition government including Shi’ites, Sunnis and Kurds.
Maliki has sought to consolidate his power as violence drops and the United States narrows its role in Iraq. Some rivals resent or are suspicious of his growing stature.
The United States has about 40,000 troops in Iraq. President Barack Obama said last week that they will be withdrawn by December 31 according to the terms of a 2008 bilateral security pact.