Egypt accused Iran of “unacceptable interference” in its domestic affairs for having criticized the Egyptian army’s removal of elected president Mohamed Mursi last week.
The incident signaled a return to cooler relations between the two Middle Eastern powers after an attempt at rapprochement under Mursi, who hails from the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood.
Iran on Monday called the ousting of Mursi after mass protests against him a “cause for concern” and suggested that “foreign hands” were at work in the Arab state, Reuters reports.
Egypt shot back on Thursday, expressing “extreme discontent” with the Islamic Republic’s comments and saying they reflected a “lack of precise knowledge of the nature of the democratic developments Egypt is witnessing”.
“This represents unacceptable interference in Egypt’s internal affairs,” the foreign ministry said in a statement on its Facebook page. Egypt made similar remarks to Turkey after its Islamist-rooted government criticized Mursi’s ouster.
Western states have been cautious so far in characterizing the military overthrow of Mursi. Washington has specifically avoided referring to it as a “coup”, a word that would force it to halt aid including $1.3 billion per year for the army.
Relations between Egypt and Iran broke down after the 1979 Iranian revolution, when Egypt gave sanctuary to the deposed shah. Many Egyptians harbor strong feelings against Iran.
Mursi tried to improve ties after he was elected in 2012. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visited Cairo in February, the first visit by an Iranian leader in more than three decades.
But the two countries remained sharply divided on Syria. Shi’ite Muslim Iran is the main backer of President Bashar al-Assad while Mursi, often under pressure from hardline Sunni Muslim allies, backed Syria’s largely Sunni rebels.
Egypt historically has much stronger ties to Gulf Arab states who have vied with Iran for regional influence. Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates provided Cairo’s cash-strapped government $12 billion in aid this week.