Namibia’s president said government is considering radical land expropriation to spur the transfer of property to the country’s black majority.
Speaking at Namibia’s 27th independence celebrations, President Hage Geingob said government should invoke part of the Constitution allowing for land expropriation with fair compensation since the redistribution process has been slow.
“If we are committed to achieving further economic growth and maintaining peace, then everyone should be open to new approaches,” said Geingob, Namibia’s third president since the country gained independence from South Africa in 1990.
“This means we need to refer back to our Constitution which allows for the expropriation of land with fair compensation and also look at foreign ownership of land, especially absentee land owners.”
Namibia wants to transfer 43%, or 15 million hectares of its arable agricultural land, to previously disadvantaged blacks by 2020. By the end of 2015, 27% was redistributed, according to the Namibia Agriculture Union.
Geingob is under pressure from factions within his ruling party, the South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO), to speed up the programme many say has failed to adequately address the problem and is currently skewed in favour of whites.
Land reform is an emotive issue, also in neighbouring South Africa where President Jacob Zuma last month called for a review of laws to allow expropriation of land without compensation.
Expropriation would mark a radical policy departure for both Namibia and South Africa, shifting from an agreed buyer-seller approach to more provocative alternatives.