Governments from Kenya to South Africa are struggling to turn around loss-making state-owned airlines through restructuring or by bringing on board private partners.
Ethiopian Airlines bucks the trend providing a model others hope to emulate.
Below is a summary of the financial position of major African airlines:
SOUTH AFRICAN AIRWAYS
State-owned South African Airways (SAA) has not made a profit since 2011. It made losses of more than R5 billion rand ($340 million) for each of the past three financial years, according to company documents reviewed by Reuters.
South Africa President Cyril Ramaphosa instructed government to put SAA into business rescue – South Africa’s form of bankruptcy protection – after an eight-day strike in November left it close to collapse. He said on Monday it was the “only way to secure its survival”.
NUMBER OF DESTINATIONS: 32
PASSENGERS CARRIED: 6.8 million passengers in 2016/2017
The airline reported revenue of 114.45 billion shillings ($1.1 billion) for the year to December 2018, up from 106.17 billion a year earlier, narrowing its pre-tax loss to 7.59 billion shillings from 9.44 billion.
NUMBER OF DESTINATIONS: 54
PASSENGERS CARRIED: 4.84 million
The airline posted operating revenue of $3.9 billion in its 2018/19 financial year, up from $3.3 billion a year earlier. Its net profit rose to $260 million from $207.2 million.
NUMBER OF DESTINATIONS: 143
PASSENGER NUMBERS: 12.14 million
It posted a net operating loss of 16.21 billion shillings ($7.1 million) in 2016/17 (July-June), down from a loss of 38.72 billion in 2015/2016, according to the latest report from government’s chief auditor general.
NUMBER OF DESTINATIONS: 19
PASSENGER NUMBERS: Not disclosed.
The airline owes creditors $350 million and has not published financial results in nine years. Its monthly losses totalled $2 million in 2017, government figures showed.
FLEET SIZE: 6 (Only one in service)
The revived national carrier made its maiden flight in August. Expected operating costs are $70 million over the next two years, Chief Executive Ephraim Bagenda told Reuters.
Uganda Airlines was liquidated in the 1990s under a programme to privatise troubled state firms and open up the economy to private enterprise. Last year officials pursued plans to relaunch the airline to share in East Africa’s growing aviation business.
NUMBER OF DESTINATIONS: 7
PASSENGERS CARRIED: Not disclosed