Despite a deteriorating security situation there are signs of progress in the field of disarmament, including the intention of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the United States to hold summit talks, a senior United Nations official said.
“At a time when global anxieties about nuclear weapons are higher than at any time since the Cold War, measures for disarmament and arms control are more vital than ever,” Thomas Markram, Deputy High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, told the opening of the 2018 session of the UN Disarmament Commission in New York.
“Since September, there have been no fundamental changes in inter-related trends eroding efficacy in arms control and negatively affecting international peace and security,” Markram, said delivering a speech on behalf of High Representative Izumi Nakamitsu.
He stressed there are some recent signs of progress pointing to where the Commission can make a constructive contribution.
As for the reported commitment by the DPRK to denuclearisation following recent talks in China, Markram said “we hope these positive developments will be the start of a longer process of sincere dialogue leading to sustainable peace and denuclearisation on the Korean Peninsula.”
Other positive developments include the successful reduction of strategic nuclear forces by Russia and the US to the levels required by their New START Treaty.
Looking to build on this momentum, the Commission has included prevention of an arms race in outer space in its agenda for the session.
“One specific collateral measure for disarmament on which this body should certainly be able to make a contribution is the goal of preserving outer space as a realm free of conflict,” Markram said, noting several recent trends are impacting the security and sustainability of outer space activities.
These include: the massive growth in the number and diversity of actors operating in outer space, including governments and the private sector; the proliferation of hazardous space debris; and increasing dependence on outer space in the civilian, government and military sectors.
“As long as some continue to see outer space as a potential realm for war-fighting, we face increasing risk of weaponisation and conflict,” he said.
There continues to be common ground among major space-faring nations and other space actors on ways to make progress in a number of areas, including implementation of transparency and confidence-building measures to mitigate misunderstandings and reduce risk, he noted.
The Commission was created in 1978 as a subsidiary organ of the UN General Assembly to consider issues in the field of disarmament and make recommendations.