Fact file: AgustaWestland SuperLynx 300 Mk64 maritime helicopter

4445

Designation:
AgustaWestland Super Lynx 300 Mk64.
Type:    
Maritime helicopter.
Country of origin:               
United Kingdom.
First flight:            
March 21, 1971, SA ZK115/#191, April 24, 2006. 
Delivered to the SAAF:      
July 2007. Two arrived on an Antonov 124 from the UK on July 13 and two on July 27. 
Numbers:             
4. 
Associated project name(s):
Sitron, Maulstic
Cost:     
UK80-million (US132-million)[1].
Crew:                                    
Pilot, co-pilot, flight engineer.  
Major dimensions & weights
·         Wingspan (rotor diameter):
·         Number of rotors:       
·         Main rotor disc area: 
·         Wingspan (tail rotor diameter):                    
·         Number of tail rotors:
·         Length (fuselage):      
·         Length (rotor running):
·         Height:                          
·         Width:                           
·         Cabin length:
·         Cabin width:                
·         Cabin height:
·         Cabin volume:            
·         Cabin floor area:        
·         Basic empty weight:   
·         Max take-off eight:   
·         Max landing weight:  
·         Max internal fuel:      
·         Max external fuel:     
·         Max cargo weight:     
·         Cargo hook capacity:
·         Passengers:  
·         12.8m (42ft).
·         Four composite, semi-rigid.
·         129m2.
·         2.36m.
·         Four fully articulated, composite blades.
·         10.84m folded, 13.33m.
·         12.8m OR 15.16m[2].
·         3.25m folded, 3.48 OR 3.67m.
·         2.94m.
·         2.05m.
·         1.78m.
·         1.42m.          
·         4.85m3.
·         3.45m2.
·         3.291mt.
·         5.330mt.
·         –
·         786kg.
·         Multiples of 353kg.
·         –
·         1.360mt.
·         Nine.
Performance
·         Operating conditions:
·         Take-off to clear 15m:
·         Landing from 15m:   
·         Initial rate of climb:   
·         Service ceiling:            
·         Max speed:  
·         Max cruise speed:          
·         Max range at cruise speed:
·         Max ferry range:        
·         Max endurance:         
 
·         Stall speed:                  
·         G-loads:                        
·         Wing loading:
·         Thrust:          
·         Bypass ratio:       
·         Thrust/weight ratio:    
·         –
·         –
·         –
·         606m/min.
·         Greater than 3000m (10,000ft).
·         321.74km/h (a record set in 1972).
·         138kts (254km/h, 157mph).   
·         590km.
·         1045km
·         5.4hrs, 2hrs on antisubmarine warfare mission 20 nautical miles from ship, 3hrs 50min on surveillance mission 50 nautical miles from ship. 
·         –
·         –
·         –
·         –
·         –
·         3.2:1
Engine Specifications
·         Make:           
·         Model:                          
·         Type:            
·         Number:                       
·         Compression ratio:     
·         Engine length:             
·         Engine height:             
·         Engine width:              
·         Dry weight:                  
·         Power turbine rotor speed:
·         Shaft horsepower:
·         Take-off rating:          
·         Twin engine take-off rating:           
·         Single engine super contingency rating:    
·         Transmission rating:
·         LHTEC (A Rolls Royce and Honeywell joint venture).
·         CTS800-4N.
·         Turboshaft.
·         2.
·         –
·         1.29m
·         0.682m                          .
·         0.59m
·         408lbs (about 204kg).
·         6402 rpm
·         1200 @ sea level @ 200
·         –
·         –
·         –
·         –
Hard points:        
Provision for hard points on each side of fuselage.
Armament:          
·         Cabin:           
·         Stub-wings:  
·         Pintle-mounted machine guns can be fitted at the doors.
·         Two torpedoes (Mk44, 46, Stingray or equivalent), or two depth charges (Mk11 or equivalent), or four Sea Skua or equivalent, or eight ZT3/Ingwe or equivalent.
Other attachments:            
Ferry tanks can be carried internally.  
Comment:           
The type was selected in competition against the Eurocopter AS532 Cougar and the Russian Kamov Ka 28 Helix. A dark horse in the race, imagined or otherwise, was Kaman`s SG-2G Seasprite, said to be cheaper but is equally effective. Super Lynx pipped them to the post and a deal to deliver the four from April 2007 was signed in Pretoria on August 14, 2003.
Although operated by the SA Air Force and assigned to 22 Squadron at AFB Ysterplaat, the type will operationally operate from the SA Navy`s four Meko A200SAN frigates. They will greatly expand the ship`s radar horizon and surface search ability when deployed aboard in addition to providing midcourse guidance to its Exocet surface-to-surface missiles and gunfire fall spotting. 
The helicopter will further provide the frigates their primary antisubmarine capability in addition to doing search-and-rescue, maritime patrol and utility duty. 
  
The Super Lynx is the result of a programme launched in 1998 to produce a new generation of the rotorcraft. Malaysia placed an order for six in 1999 and the Royal Thai Navy confirmed its order for two in August 2001. The Sultanate of Oman signed an agreement in January 2002 for 16.
According to the sales literature, the Super Lynx 300 was developed from the proven Super Lynx 100. It incorporates an all new integrated “glass” cockpit with a colour liquid crystal display system provides the crew with state-of-the-art technology increasing crew and mission effectiveness.
The more powerful CTS800-4N engines, jointly developed by Rolls-Royce and Honeywell, complemented with a Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) delivers low maintenance, enhanced performance and excellent economy with over 30% more power. The airframe is expected to last 10,000 hours.
The crew consists of a pilot and a tactical officer, while additional crew can be used to operate special role equipment as necessary. The role equipment incorporates a hoist to assist with SAR missions, a cargo hook for under-slung loads for ship-to-shore and ship-to-ship replenishment and a powerful searchlight.
The Telephonics Ocean-Eye radar is the aircraft’s primary mission sensor and allows the crew to detect and track small to large surface contacts at long ranges. South African components include a Sysdel Sea Raven electronic support measure suite for passive target detection and identification, a Saab Grintek Avitronics EW countermeasures system, an Aerosud armoured flight crew seats as well as an infrared exhaust suppression system – by the same company.
Denel (now Carl Zeiss) Optronics supplied the Argos 410-M E electro-optical sighting system (EOSS) and Tellumat an Identification Friend or Foe system. Thales Advanced Engineering was contracted to supply a datalink as a well as a “video grabber”, a dedicated bit of software that allows the transfer of video material taken by the EOSS to be transmitted to the mothership for further action. Reutech Defence Industries and Saab Grintek Communications Systems provided the HF and V/UHF radios. Also fitted are a 360 degree scan search radar and a nose mounted FLIR.
A 12.7mm HMG for self-protection is also part of the current role equipment while growth options including anti-ship missiles, depth charges, torpedoes and rockets.