Eurocopter has successfully tested a hybrid helicopter that combines a turboshaft engine with an electric motor, becoming the first in the world to do so. The milestone promises increased safety and agility.
Eurocopter says the supplemental electric system used in the helicopter increases its manoeuvrability during an autorotation landing – which is performed by helicopters in the event of a main engine failure.
The demonstrator helicopter is a production version of Eurocopter’s light single-engine AS350, which has been equipped with a supplementary electric motor. In the event of an engine failure, the electric motor provides power to the rotor, allowing a pilot to easily control the helicopter during the descent to a safe touchdown. The next step is to bring this concept to maturity and evaluate its implementation on Eurocopter’s series production helicopters.
“Eurocopter’s research and development efforts are used every day to push the frontiers by increasing helicopter safety and performance for the benefit of our customers, and we are proud to have brought the first helicopter equipped with an internal combustion engine and electric propulsion system to flight,” said Lutz Bertling, Eurocopter President and CEO.
“Hybrid propulsion is an important element of Eurocopter’s innovation roadmap in developing the next generation of helicopters. It offers new opportunities for improvements in safety, along with the potential for reducing fuel consumption and emissions.”
The AS350 hybrid demonstrator has its highly compact electric motor and lithium ion polymer battery installed in the centre of the helicopter. Electronic controls enable precise deployment of power delivered by the electric motor during the period of autorotation.