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Egypt looking to domestically produce T-90 tanks

A T-90 main battle tank.Egypt is looking to set up a factory to assemble T-90 main battle tanks from Russia’s UralVagonZavod (UVZ), according to the company’s annual report.

This stated that one of the company’s top priorities is "works on territories of foreign states to create facilities for complex maintenance and repair of previously supplied equipment, including implementation of projects to create joint ventures with foreign contractors."

This includes "work on a project to create an enterprise to assemble T-90S/SK tanks under a license with Contractor 818," a number assigned to Egypt under the Russian state standards. The T-90S is the export model, the T-90MS (or T-90SM) is a more sophisticated export version, and the K refers to command versions.

UralVagonZavod is also looking to establish T-90S/SK repair facilities in Algeria, which has already taken delivery of the type.

The company’s 2016 annual report also stated UralVagonZavod has received an order for 73 T-90s from Iraq and 64 from Vietnam and will finalise Kuwait’s order for 146 T-90MS/MSKs. The company is also pushing for an order for 356 T-90MS tanks from India.

According to TASS, UralVagonZavod plans to further promote its products on the African market, including maintenance and upgrade of its military equipment in Angola and Ethiopia.

Last month it was suggested that Egypt was looking to acquire 400-500 T-90MS tanks from Russia under a deal that would include local assembly/manufacture.

Egypt has over 1 100 M1 Abrams tanks in its inventory, and in 2011 ordered 125 M1A1 Abrams tank kits from General Dynamics Land Systems for $395 million. Co-production of M1A1 Abrams tanks takes place at the Egyptian Tank Plant in collaboration with General Dynamics.

Algeria, meanwhile, ordered 200 T-90SA main battle tanks in 2014, with deliveries beginning the following year. This follows on a contract for the delivery of 185 T-90S tanks, delivered between 2006 and 2008 in a deal worth $1 billion. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), another 120 T-90S tanks were delivered between 2012 and 2013 under a 2011 deal worth $470 million.

The T-90 is a modernised version of the T-72, but although developed from the T-72, it uses a 125 mm 2A46 smoothbore tank gun, a new engine, and thermal sights. Standard protective measures include a blend of steel, composite armour, and Kontakt-5 explosive-reactive armour, laser warning receivers, Nakidka camouflage and the Shtora infrared anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) jamming system.
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