U.S., European weapons used to commit war crimes in Iraq
The rights group said that the predominantly Shi'ite Muslim militias, known collective as the Hashid Shaabi, were using weapons from Iraqi military stockpiles to commit war crimes including enforced disappearances, torture and summary killings.
Hashid Shaabi rejected Amnesty's accusation as "lies".
Parliament voted for the Hashid to formally become part of Iraq's armed forces in November but the session was boycotted by Sunni Muslim representatives, who worry the move will entrench Shi'ite majority rule as well as Iran's regional influence.
Iraqi and Western officials have expressed serious concern about the government's ability to bring the Shi'ite militias under greater control.
READ MOREIslamic State made weapons in Mosul up to military standards, report says
Iraq says it destroys Mosul car bomb factories
Iraqi troops pull out from Mosul hospital after fierce battle
"International arms suppliers, including the USA, European countries, Russia and Iran, must wake up to the fact that all arms transfers to Iraq carry a real risk of ending up in the hands of militia groups with long histories of human rights violations," Amnesty researcher Patrick Wilcken said.
States wishing to sell arms to Iraq should ensure strict measures to ensure weapons will not be used by militias to violate human rights, he added in a statement.
Hashid spokesman Ahmed al-Assadi denied Amnesty's report.
"These lies falsify truths and contribute directly or indirectly to the continuation of struggles that the Iraqi people and the people of neighbouring countries suffer from," he told a news conference aired by state television.
"This is very clear in this report when it is purposefully slandering an official government institution," he added, calling for an inquiry into Amnesty's sources.
Amnesty cited nearly 2-1/2 years of its own field research, including interviews with dozens of former detainees, witnesses, survivors, and relatives of those killed, detained or missing.
Its report focused on four powerful militia groups, most of which receive backing from Iran: the Badr Organisation, Asaib Ahl al-Haq, Kataib Hezbollah and Saraya al-Salam.
The Hashid deny having sectarian aims or committing widespread abuses. They say they saved the nation by pushing Islamic State back from Baghdad's borders after the army crumbled before the jihadists' lightning advance in 2014.
There have been few accusations of serious abuses by the Hashid since the start of a major offensive on Oct. 17 to retake the northern city of Mosul from Islamic State. Various Hashid groups have joined in that battle, and a top U.S. general told The Daily Beast last week they had been "remarkably disciplined".
Top stories this week
- Five SA Navy vessels in Durban for Armed Forces Day, but no frigate
- SANDF personnel killed in Naval Base Durban accident
- Just on a billion Rand needed to make 1 Mil fully operational again
- Zuma lays wreath, presents medals during wet Armed Forces Day
- Contraband, dagga and illegals all grabbed in Op Corona net
- Four famines mean 20 million may starve in the next six months
- Indian Ocean piracy under control but Yemeni conflict a danger to shipping
- Gulf-backed Yemeni forces capture Red Sea coast city
- Houthis attack Saudi ship, launch ballistic missile
- Commando dies in U.S. raid in Yemen, first military op OK'd by Trump
- Egypt extends participation in Yemen conflict
- Suicide bomber kills at least 50 Yemeni troops in Aden
- Arabian Sea raids on arms smugglers show Iran-Yemen link
- Iraq could split if Shi'ite militias enter Mosul
- Houthi missile and Saudi-led air strikes strain Yemen truce
Invitation to Saab's annual Gripen seminar
by Saab, 22 February 2017
The media, financial analysts and investors have been asked to attend the seminar in Stockholm, Sweden, on 15 March.
Saab launches CoastControl, next level of Coastal Security, at IDEX 2017
by Saab, 21 February 2017
CoastControl combines surveillance and communications products with a workflow management tool to help coastal security personnel stay ahead of any situation.
Saab to deliver CBRN equipment to INTERPOL
by Saab, 21 February 2017
The CBRN sampling equipment and a certified transport packaging container will be delivered to INTERPOL's BioTerrorism Prevention Unit.