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Egyptian Armed Forces

Egyptian Armed Forces
The Egyptian flag.


1. Order of battle
2. Defence economics
3. State of military forces
4. Country threat report
5. Major external deployments






1. Order of Battle
Total force strength Army: 310 000
Air Force: 30 000
Air Defence Forces: 80 000
Navy: 18 500
Paramilitary: 397 000
Army
Armour 1 087: M1A1 Abrams;
500: T-54/55
500: T-62
300: M60A1
850: M60A3
260: Ramses II
40: M901 ITV tank destroyers
26: M-981 FISTV (artillery observer)
Reconnaissance 300: BRDM-2
112: Commando Scout
50: M577A2 (command post)
APC 1 042: YPR-765
2 300: M113A2
250: BMR-600P
250: BTR-60S
410: Fahd-30/TH
390: Fahd
650: Walid
BMP-1
60: Kader-120 (Terrier)
20: Sherpa (for police)
Self-propelled artillery 164: M109A2
204: M109A5
Towed artillery 190: D-30M 122 mm
36: M-1931/37 122 mm
300: M-30 122 mm
420: M-46 130 mm
16: GH-52 155 mm
Multiple Rocket Launcher 96: BM-11 122 mm
60: BM-21 122 mm
50: Sakr-10 122 mm
50: Sakr-18 122 mm
100: Sakr-36 122 mm
36: Kooryong 130 mm
32: BM-14 140 mm
26: M270 MLRS 227 mm
175: M88 122 mm
SSM 24: SCUD, SKR-36
Mortar 65: M106A1 107 mm
35: M106A2  107 mm
36: M1064A3 120 mm
50: M125A2 81 mm
1,800: M-1943 120 mm
48: Brandt
30: M160 160 mm
Anti-armour 52: M-901
210: YPR 765 PRAT
1,200: 9K11 Malyutka (AT-3 Sagger)
(incl BRDM-2)
220: Milan;
8 000: TOW-2
200: Swingfire
Air defence gun 45: Sinai-23 23 mm
120: ZSU-23-4 23 mm
40: ZSU-57-2 57 mm
300: ZPU-4 14.5 mm
200: ZU-23-2 23 mm
200: S-60 57 mm
66: M167A2 Vulcan
Air defence missile 50: FIM-92A Avenger;
26: M48 Chaparral
20: 9K31Strela-1 (SA-9 Gaskin)
2,000: Ayn al-Saqr/9K32 Strela-2 (SA-7 Grail)‡
600: FIM-92A Stinger
600: Igla (SA-18 Grouse – for modernisation of ZSU-23 to ZSU-23-4M4)
75: Avenger
4: Tor-M1/SA-15
Armoured Recovery Vehicle 240: FAHD
220: M88A1
90: M88A2
45: M578
T-54/55 ARV
Structure 2: Field Army HQs
3 Military Zones
5 Commando groups
1 Counter-terrorist unit
4 Armoured Divisions (2 armoured brigades, 1 mechanised, 1 artillery brigade, 1 air defence brigade)
4 Independent army brigade
1 Republican Guard brigade
3: airborne brigades (1 parachute, 2 airmobile)
Mechanised
8 Mechanised Division (1 armoured, 2 mechanised, 1 artillery brigade, 1 air defence brigade)
4 independent mechanished brigades (2 Republican Guard)
Light
1 Infantry Division (3 infatnry brigades, 1 artillery brigade, 1 air defence brigade)
2 Independent Infantry brigades
COMBAT SUPPORT
15 artillery brigades
1 SSM brigade with FROG-7
1 SSM brigade with Scud-B
6 Engineers brigades
2 spec ops engineer battalions
6 salvage engineer battalions
24 Military Police battalion
18 Signals battalions
Air Force
Combat aircraft 34: F-16A Fighting Falcon*
12: F-16B FightingFalcon*
54: F-7
25: F-4E Phantom II
138: F-16C Fighting Falcon*
36: F-16D Fighting Falcon*
24: F-16C/D Block 50/52 on order
3: Mirage 2000B
15: Mirage 2000C
36: Mirage 5D/E
12: Mirage 5E2
ε50: MiG-21Fishbed/MiG-21U Mongol A
36: F6
* F-16 figures are for deliveries and exclude losses.
Trainer aircraft 36: Alpha Jet
54: EMB-312 Tucano
74: Grob115EG
120: K-8 Karakorum
10: L-39 Albatros
35: L-59E Albatros
4: Il-14
6: Rockwell Commander 114B
Maritime/EW/RECCE aircraft 2: VC-130H Hercules
6: Mirage 5R (5SDR)
7: E-2C Hawkeye
Transport aircraft 21: C-130H Hercules
3: C-130H-30Hercules
3: An-74TK-200A
1: Beech 200 KingAir
4: Beech 1900 (ELINT)
4: Beech 1900C
20: C-295M (eight on order)
4: DHC-5D Buffalo
3: KC-135 tanker
3: Boeing 707 tanker/transport
VIP aircraft 1: B-707-366C;
3: Falcon 20;
2: Gulfstream III;
1: Gulfstream IV;
2: Gulfstream IV-SP
2: Gulfstream G400
Combat helicopter 35: AH-64D Apache (plus 12 on order)
10: SH-2G Super Seasprite (opcon Navy)
4: Commando Mk2E (Sea King)
Transport helicopter 2: AW139 (SAR);
65: SA342K Gazelle (44 with HOT)
3: CH-47C Chinook;
16: CH-47DChinook
2: AS-61
24: Commando (of which 3 VIP);
40: Mi-8 Hip
15: Mi-8T
4: S-70 Black Hawk (VIP);
4: UH-60LBlack Hawk (VIP)
12: Mi-4
10: Mi-6
UAV: 18: ASN-209
Air Defence Command
Surface to Air Missiles 72: Some Amoun with RIM-7F Sea Sparrow SAM,
36+ quad SAM, Skyguard towed SAM,
36+ twin 35mm guns
24+ Crotale
50+ M48 Chaparral
56+ SA-6 Gainful
Towed SAM 78+ MIM-23B I-HAWK
S-75M Volkhov
320: SA-2 Guideline)
282+ Skyguard
212+ S-125 Pechora-M
180: SA-3A Goa
Guns 36+ Sinai-23 (SPAAG)
600 S-60; 57mm
400 M-1939 85mm
300 KS-19 100mm
Navy
Submarines 4: Romeo† (PRC Type-033)
2: Type-209/1500 (on order)
Frigate 4: Mubarak (US Oliver Hazard Perry)
2: Damyat (US Knox)
2: Najim Al Zaffer (PRC Jianghu I)
Corvettes 2: Abu Qir (ex-Spanish Descubierta – 1†)
4: Gowind (on order)
Mine layer/hunter 2: Al Shareen (ex-US Osprey)
3: Dat Assawari
2: Safaga
3: Assiout (ex-USSR T-43 class) MCMVs
4: Aswan (ex-USSR Yurka) minesweepers
6: Swiftship coastal minehunters
3: SRN-6 hovercraft minelayers
Patrol/Strike boat 6: Ramadan FAC
5: Tiger with 2 twin lnchr with MM-38 Exocet AShM, 176mm gun
5: Hainan (PRC – 3 more in reserve†) with 2 triple 324mm TT, 4 RBU 1200, 2 twin 57mm guns
4: Ezzat (US Ambassador IV)
4: Hegu (PRC – Komar type) with 2 single lnchr with SY-1 AShM
5: October (FSU Komar – 1†)
8: Osa I (FSU – 3†)
4: Shershen (FSU) with 1 9K32 Strela-2 (SA-N-5 Grail)SAM (manual aiming), 1 12:-tube BM-24 MRL
6: Kaan (TUR MRTP20)
4: Osa II (FSU)
4: Shanghai II (PRC)
2: Shershen (FSU – 1†) with 4 single 533mm TT, 1 8-tubeBM-21 MRL
6: Swiftship Protector (Coast Guard)
5: 23 July class (ex-German Type 148)
12: Timsah
6: Crestitalia coastal patrol
6: Ezzat FAC
6: MRTP-20 patrol boats
6: Swiftships (on order)
Amphibious/Transport/Supply 3: Polnochny A LCT (ex-Polish)
9: Vydra LCU (ex-USSR)
4: SMB1 LCU (ex-USSR)
7: Toplivo
1: Halaib (Westerwald-class)
3: Al Hurreya
1: Shaledin (Luneberg-class)
2: Al Areesh
5: Okhtensky
2: Nyryat I (Project 522)
2: Poluchat 1
4: Galal Desouky (Damen Stan 2208)
1: ex-German Glucksburg replenishment ship
1: ex-German Odenwald ammunition transport ship
Naval aviation 9: SA 342 Gazelle
10: SH-2G Super Seapsprite

2. Overview
Head of State and Government: Abdel Fattah al-Sisi

Defence Minister: Sedky Sobhy

Chief of Staff: Lieutenant Mahmoud Hijazi

Chief of Staff of Air Defences:
Air Commander Abul Magd Ahmed Abed Rabbo Aaron

Chief of Staff of the Air Force: Brigade pilot Admiral Fouad Fouad Abu-Nasr

Chief of Staff of the Navy: Admiral Mohamed Magdy Ahmed Abul Wafa Abdasameea

Member of:
UN, AU, LAS, AfDB, G15, etc

3. Defence economics
Military expenditure (ME) as percentage of GDP (2004-2013)
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Military expenditure per US$ Mil (2000-2013)

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Military expenditure (ME) percentage growth (2000-2013)

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4. State of military forces


Egypt is considered to have the strongest and largest military on the African continent. Egypt’s military has and continues to play a major part in the country’s politics - the current Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi was the military’s former commander.

Egypt has always maintained strong military relations with the United States of America and is estimated to have received over $70 billion worth of military aid from the USA since 1948. Most of this aid comes in the form of a yearly $1.3 billion military assistance fund. As such Egypt has over 1000 M1A1 Abrams tanks, many of which are not even in use; the country also has the ability to co-produce the tanks domestically. The country’s air force is also dominated by American jets, with over 200 different F-16 models and various other US-made aircraft.

However, the relationship with the US has come under strain especially after elected president Muhammad Mursi was overthrown in July 2013 and the US chose to suspend in its aid to the country, putting on hold the delivery of F-16s, M1As, AH-64s and Harpoon missiles. The US intends to withhold its aid until there is further progress towards an inclusive and democratically elected government. As a result, Egypt is turning to Russia to supply it with military equipment and is exploring the purchase of aircraft, missiles and other hardware.

The Egyptian government is dealing with a variety of threats. The most pressing of which is coming from militant groups that operate in the Sinai peninsula, which has led to increased troop deployments and military operations there - it is estimated that around 220 000 personnel have been deployed to the area. There are almost daily attacks in the area which are targeted at military personnel. The military has also been reinforced along the Libyan border due to instability in the country and has even deployed flying sorties to monitor developments in the country. Security has also been bolstered along the border with Gaza, as smugglers operate tunnels between Egypt and Gaza.

Training within the Egyptian military is of a high standard and with conscription in place the country has a vast pool of soldiers to tap into during a crisis.

5. Country threat report
Threat type Overview
External • Egypt is currently facing no external security threat.
Internal • Egypt is currently facing internal security threats presented by the rise of Islamic extremism in the country which has lead to the emergence of radical militant groups which operate out of the Sinai peninsula.
Regional • Egypt faces terrorist threats as a result of the instability present in Libya to the East.
Political • Egypt is considered to be politically stable since having elections in June 2014 although the country has recently gone through a series of political upheavals.
Economic • Egypt’s economy took a dip during the Arab Spring . However it is has gradually begun rebuilding key sectors such as tourism, manufacturing and construction, although significant challenges remain due to the drop in tourism caused by civil unrest and terror activities.

6. Major external deployments
Operation Country Personnel/assets
MONUSCO Democratic Republic of Congo Troops: 1025
Police: 142
MINURSO Western Sahara Troops: 20
Police: 2
MINUSCA Central African Republic Troops: 2
MINUSMA Mali Police: 2
UNAMID Darfur Troops: 921
Police: 199
UNMIL Liberia Troops: 7
Police: 5
UNMISS South Sudan Troop: 3
 
Contact
Ministry of Defence
Kobri Al-Kobba
Cairo
+202 839933/837133

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