A leading rights watchdog is urging
President-elect Jacob Zuma has taken a hard line on
Georgette Gagnon, executive director of the Africa Division of Human Rights Watch (HRW), urged Zuma in a letter to seize on the opportunity to help introduce democratic reforms in
She said Mugabe's ZANU-PF party was still carrying out abuses such as politically motivated prosecutions of opponents and had failed to investigate allegations of torture.
"With new leadership in South Africa there is great expectation for a rebalancing of policy towards South Africa using its moral, political and economic authority and leadership in southern Africa to promote respect for human rights, good governance and democracy in Zimbabwe," HRW said in the letter, released to the media.
In recent years, including a two-year stint as a UN Security Council member,
"Your recent election offers an opportunity to change that misguided policy and restore credibility to
SA`s foreign policy
The British Foreign & Commonwealth Office in its May 2007 country profile summed up its view of SA`s foreign policy as being "focussed on conflict resolution in
Former Deputy Foreign Minister Aziz Pahad amplified this in a speech to the Diplomatic Corps in December 2007, by saying the country`s foreign policy fully reflected the ruling African National Congress` slogan of a "better South Africa, a better Africa and a better world". Pahad said this reflected "the internationalist tradition of the ANC since its founding in 1912".
As such, SA`s strategic approach remained "to achieve an international order with greater security, peace, dialogue and greater equilibrium between poor and rich countries," Pahad added.
"As we seek to do so, we are cutely conscious that
Factors that Pahad said formed the basis of SA`s approach were:
Ø Securing, protecting and advancing SA`s national interests and national sovereignty;
Ø Advancing regional and continental interests including the African Agenda;
Ø Working to eradicate poverty, including gendered poverty; the growing income, wealth and asset gaps between rich and poor and dealing with the multiple forms of inequality nationally, regionally, continentally and globally;
Ø Addressing the negative consequences of globalisation including underdevelopment, uneven-development, unemployment and the challenges of the global division of labour and determining how best countries can position themselves with respect to globalisation;
Ø Strengthening the culture of human rights, respect for fundamental rights and freedoms and the rule of law including the independence of the judiciary;
Ø Promoting democracy and strengthening the institutions of democracy and good governance;
Ø Democratising global multilateral institutions of governance;
Ø Promoting pro-poor, ecologically sensitive sustainable growth and development;
Ø Promoting peace and security across Africa and the globe, especially the
Ø Promoting South-South co-operation and solidarity; and
Ø Challenging neo-liberalism and identifying the core elements of a progressive political discourse and creating and nurturing an African and a global progressive political agenda.
Zuma has said SA`s foreign policy would remain unchanged.
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